China's one child policy

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  • China's one child policy
    • About
      • In 1979, the people's republic of China introduced a new policy in an attempt to reduce and stabilise population growth.
      • After the second world war, China's population began to rapidly increase and was encouraged to do so, this led to a risk of famine and lack of services.
      • The granny policy was also introduced to persuade the older generation to keep an eye on the younger generation and stop them from breaking the rules.
      • The policy also indicates that a couple should not marry till their late twenties.
    • Rewards
      • There are several different rewards if the couple stick to the policy rules.
    • Punishments
      • If a couple is caught disobeying the rules, a likely 10% salary cut will occur, a very fine will be issued and the couple will have to pay for education for both children.
    • The success of the policy
      • The policy was a success as there was no famine in china, like expected.
      • However in 2008, it was reported that 1 million more births than deaths every 4-5 weeks, therefore the population of china is still increasing rapidly.
      • The one child policy has also been proven successful as the rate of population growth has dropped from 1.9% per year to 0.7% per year which has significantly improved.
      • The standard of living has improved.
    • Problems with the policy
      • Only children are over indulged and spoilt and become known as 'little emporers'
      • There are fears of an aging population with 13% of the population being over 65 in 2010.
    • Changes to the policy
      • In December 2013, China eased their one child policy, allowing couples that are both only children themselves to have 2 children.
      • There is a proposal to abolish re- education through labour camps.
      • The changes were made due to fears of a decreasing working population due to the aging population.
  • In 1950, the population was increasing at a rate of 1.9% each year which was a problem as the exponential growth was hard to control so the government introduced the one child policy.
  • The policy restricts urban couples to only one child.
    • Some exceptions were made, rural families were allowed two children if the first was a girl or disabled, Also ethnic minorities are not included in the policy.
    • About
      • In 1979, the people's republic of China introduced a new policy in an attempt to reduce and stabilise population growth.
      • After the second world war, China's population began to rapidly increase and was encouraged to do so, this led to a risk of famine and lack of services.
      • The granny policy was also introduced to persuade the older generation to keep an eye on the younger generation and stop them from breaking the rules.
      • The policy also indicates that a couple should not marry till their late twenties.
  • These rewards include a 20% salary rise, a significantly higher chance of being given good housing and better pension. The child will also be allowed free health clinics.
  • Furthermore, if a women was caught pregnant with her second child, they may be forced to have an abortion any time up to nine months or have to give the child up for adoption.
  • Since the policy has been introduced, boys are preferred over girls as girls marry out of the family and don't support the elderly.
  • Sons are also preferred in rural areas as they are better for manual labour, this has led to the abandonment of females and an increase in female infanticide. There is a massive gender imbalance in China with 60 million more men than women.

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