Breadth Q- Catholicism

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  • Catholicism and Absolutism - Breadth Q
    • 1642-49
      • Charles' own crypto-Catholicism and relationship with absolutism
      • Truce with Irish Catholic rebels of 1641 (1643 and 1645)
      • High amount of Catholic officers
      • This all spurred on religious radicalism (Fifth Monarchism-Windsor P.M 1648)
    • 1649-53
      • Could be argued Rump more focused on dissenters (Adultery Act 1650) (Kishlanksy and Farr)
        • Barebones (Aylmer) more focused on reform
      • However, bloody sieges in Drogheda and Wexford, when compared to Scotland, show anti-Catholicism
    • 1653-60
      • Cromwell's Protectorate and foreign policy greatly influenced by anti-Catholicism
        • Peace w/ Dutch and Baltic Polic (Denmark and Sweden)
          • Western Design
            • Untitled
            • However Parl. more focused on dissenters (John Biddle/ James Nayler)
    • 1660-85
      • Liberty to all tender consciences-but not dissenters (Hutton- malice agains t Quakers
      • Public still wary- this seen in Exclusion Crisis, fear of absolutism
    • 1685-89
      • His Catholicism and absolutism shown in
        • Golden vs. Hales, 1686
        • Dec. of Indulgence 1687 (1688- in pulpits)
        • Actions in Scotland- bypassing Parl.
        • These actions led directly to 'immortal seven' welcoming William
    • Background
      • John Foxes' Book of Martyrs
      • Bloody Mary
        • Spanish Armada


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