Case study: Middle east water conflicts

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  • Case study: Middle east water conflicts
    • 1. The middle east is one of the most water- scarce regions in the world
    • 2. Due to population growth, increasing affluence (demand for swimming pools ect) and the development of irrigated farmlands there are increasing pressure on the water supplies.
    • 3. Further instability is created due to:
      • Overall scarcity of water but also poor access
      • Declining oil reserves with future drop in oil revenues
      • Rising youth population and increasing demands
    • 4.At the moment the middle east uses revenue from their oil exports to pay for expensive desalinisation plants to provide extra water, but also pay for water and food imports
    • 5. No single country in the Middle East can resolve its water problems without impacting on another country.
    • Potential Conflict
      • 1. The Euthrates and Tigris rivers originate in Turkey but supply Syria and Iraq with water. Turkey wants to dam the rivers to improve incomes in Anatolia (south- east turkey)
      • 2. In 1967, syria and other Arab states objected to Israel's National Water Carrier Project and tried to destroy it. Israel then bombed their attempts to divert the River Jordan from Israel
      • 3. Drought across the while region between 1990-2005 increased fear of conflicts
      • 4. Bombing of Lebanese water pipelines by Israel in 2006


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