- Case study: Middle east water conflicts
- 1. The middle east is one of the most water- scarce regions in the world
- 2. Due to population growth, increasing affluence (demand for swimming pools ect) and the development of irrigated farmlands there are increasing pressure on the water supplies.
- 3. Further instability is created due to:
- Overall scarcity of water but also poor access
- Declining oil reserves with future drop in oil revenues
- Rising youth population and increasing demands
- 4.At the moment the middle east uses revenue from their oil exports to pay for expensive desalinisation plants to provide extra water, but also pay for water and food imports
- 5. No single country in the Middle East can resolve its water problems without impacting on another country.
- Potential Conflict
- 1. The Euthrates and Tigris rivers originate in Turkey but supply Syria and Iraq with water. Turkey wants to dam the rivers to improve incomes in Anatolia (south- east turkey)
- 2. In 1967, syria and other Arab states objected to Israel's National Water Carrier Project and tried to destroy it. Israel then bombed their attempts to divert the River Jordan from Israel
- 3. Drought across the while region between 1990-2005 increased fear of conflicts
- 4. Bombing of Lebanese water pipelines by Israel in 2006
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