Bureaucratic Routines

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  • Bureaucratic Routines
    • Sources of News
      • They purchase most of their news items from press agencies such as the Press Association or Reuters because they can no longers afford to employ hundreds of journalists
      • They also receive press releases from groups who wish to publicise their activities
      • Many stories appear on the news or in print simply because a press agency deems to important or a spin doctor wants to plant a positive story about the government or a celebrity
    • Financial costs
      • TV news may be giving us news reports just to justify the costs of sending personnel overseas or booking satellite
      • News organisations have very few journalists in Africa and Asia therefore important issues aren't covered as much due to cost.
    • Time or space available
      • News has to be tailored to fit the time or space available therefore stories may be included or excluded to make things fit.
    • Deadlines
      • TV news has an advantage over newspapers as it can give us news as it happens eg. 9/11
      • Newspapers have deadlines and consequently tend to focus on yesterdays news in greater depth
    • Immediacy and actuality
      • If a story is accompanied by sound bites, live footage etc. or journalists reporting 'live# from the street, it is more likely to be selected as it creates dramatic actuality
      • New media eg. internet sites have made it possible for news to be reported immediately.
      • New technology has also made it possible for the audience to interact with the news organisations through citizen journalism
        • Most of the 'live' pictures from the 7/7 London bombings came from citizen journalists.
    • The audience
      • The content and style of news is a reaction to the type of audience that will consume it.


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