- Bureaucratic Routines
- Sources of News
- They purchase most of their news items from press agencies such as the Press Association or Reuters because they can no longers afford to employ hundreds of journalists
- They also receive press releases from groups who wish to publicise their activities
- Many stories appear on the news or in print simply because a press agency deems to important or a spin doctor wants to plant a positive story about the government or a celebrity
- Financial costs
- TV news may be giving us news reports just to justify the costs of sending personnel overseas or booking satellite
- News organisations have very few journalists in Africa and Asia therefore important issues aren't covered as much due to cost.
- Time or space available
- News has to be tailored to fit the time or space available therefore stories may be included or excluded to make things fit.
- TV news has an advantage over newspapers as it can give us news as it happens eg. 9/11
- Newspapers have deadlines and consequently tend to focus on yesterdays news in greater depth
- Immediacy and actuality
- If a story is accompanied by sound bites, live footage etc. or journalists reporting 'live# from the street, it is more likely to be selected as it creates dramatic actuality
- New media eg. internet sites have made it possible for news to be reported immediately.
- New technology has also made it possible for the audience to interact with the news organisations through citizen journalism
- Most of the 'live' pictures from the 7/7 London bombings came from citizen journalists.
- The audience
- The content and style of news is a reaction to the type of audience that will consume it.
- Sources of News
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