Brixton Riots

  • Created by: UrsyB
  • Created on: 14-04-19 17:57
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  • Brixton Riots
    • Key Events
      • 1962 - Commonwealth Immigrants Act
      • 1965 - Race Relations Act prevented racial discrimination
      • 1971 - Immigration Act
      • 1976 - Commission for racial equality set up
      • 10th April 1981 - Riots started
      • 18th January 1981 - New Cross House fire
      • November 1981 - Scarman Report
      • 1985 and 1995 - Further riots
      • 1999 - Macpherson Report admitted institutional racism
    • Significance
      • Long Term
        • First step towards racial equality
        • Stephen Lawrence death 1993
        • Independent Police Complaints Authority 1985
      • Short Term
        • Increased awareness of ethnic minority rights
        • Violence controlled by police
    • Methods
      • Glass bottle bombs
      • Setting cars alight
      • Burning pubs
    • Individual
      • Lord Scarman
        • "Complex political, social and economic factors" created a "disposition towards violent protest
    • Causes
      • High unemployment
      • Low wages
      • 1000 people stopped and searched in 1 week - "sus" law
        • This allowed people to be detained on suspicion of being about to commit a crime
      • 50% of all people stopped by police were black
      • Poor housing
      • 10th April a young black man stabbed and the police were accused of not helping
      • Deprived area
      • 2nd generation anger
      • Police brutality
    • Immediate outcomes
      • 300 police hurt
      • 100 vehicles destroyed
      • 150 buildings burnt, damaged or looted
      • 82 arrests made
      • £7.5 million in damages

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