Random knowledge questions about the power and the people topic

This source is a question and answers flash card set of 120 cards. Wrote in chronological order of the Power and the People section’s (pages 144 to 161) content of the ‘My revision notes’ history AQA GCSE (9-1) revision guide by Hodder education

When did John lose the land in normandy
1204
1 of 121
What happened on the 15th June 1215
Magna Carta was signed
2 of 121
Where was Magna Carta signed
Runnymede
3 of 121
What year did King John die
1216
4 of 121
When was the Provisions of Oxford
1258
5 of 121
Due to the way he died at the Battle of Evesham, what did Simon de Montfort become known as
Martyr for freedom
6 of 121
When was the black death
1348
7 of 121
What did king Edward III pass, to control the peasants
Statute of labourers
8 of 121
What was the statute of labourers
Made peasants work for their pure-black death wage
9 of 121
To raise funds for a war in France what did king Richard II introduce
Poll tax
10 of 121
Poll tax meant everyone had to pay the same ...
1 shilling 4 pence
11 of 121
When was the peasants revolt
1381
12 of 121
What year did Robert aske lead an uprising in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire about changes to the church
1536
13 of 121
Why was Aske invited to Windsor by the King
To spend Christmas there
14 of 121
When did rebels attack castles in the north
January 1537
15 of 121
How many rebels did Duke Norfolk hang and why
74 rebels, as a warning
16 of 121
When was Aske was arrested and executed
July 1537
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What did King Charles believe he was appointed by
God (Divine right of kings)
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Charles ruled without parliament for 11 years- what kind of rule is this
Personal rule
19 of 121
When did Charles recall parliament
1640
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What did MPs draw up because they didn’t trust Charles
Grand remonstrance
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What did Oliver Cromwell create which was better equipped and trained than the royalists
New model army NMA
22 of 121
After 300MPs we’re ejected, what was left to put the king on trail
A rump
23 of 121
When was King Charles executed
30th January 1649
24 of 121
From 1649 to 1660 what were the three attempted ways of rule in England
The army, by parliament and by Oliver Cromwell
25 of 121
What did parliament restore after Cromwell’s death
The monarchy
26 of 121
What was the population of the 13 British colonies in America
25 million
27 of 121
What did I the colonists demand
“No taxation without representation”
28 of 121
When did the colonists declare themselves independent
1776
29 of 121
What did the Declaration of Independence say
All men are created equal
30 of 121
When did Britain surrender and why
1783; they couldn’t keep up the fight over the long distance
31 of 121
What did the colonies- United States of America have of its own
A constitution, parliament and congress
32 of 121
How did the British empire grow after
Took over Australia, New Zealand and india
33 of 121
Why was the American Revolution significant
It was the first colony to reject rule of a European power and in the next 50 years political radicals were dealt with harshly
34 of 121
Why was the Bristish electoral system corrupt in the early 19th century
Rotten boroughs had MPs and some industrial cities didn’t. There was also no secret ballot
35 of 121
After what wars did the government make poverty worse by introducing corn tax, what effect did it have.
Napoléonien wars; made bread expensive
36 of 121
When was the St Peters Field meeting, how many people gathered there
1819; 60,000 people were attracted there
37 of 121
Who was the radical speaker who wanted reform in parliament
Henry hunt
38 of 121
How many people were killed in the Peterloo massacre, who was included in this figure
11 people, including women and children
39 of 121
What did the six acts ban
Meetings of over 50 people and asking for reform became an act of treason
40 of 121
In 1830, Thomas Atwood organised a petition for reform, how many people signed it
8000
41 of 121
What gouvernement introduced a reform act and who helped to pass it through when the House of lords blocked it
Whig government introduced the reform act and the king helped to pass it through
42 of 121
What did the reform act do
An MP in all industrial towns so they are represented. And also for merchant/factory owners to be able to vote
43 of 121
When were the Chartists formed
1836
44 of 121
What were three chartist demands
1. Votes for all men. 2. Vote in secret. 3.no property qualification to vote
45 of 121
What did Chartists present to parliament in 1848
Great petition
46 of 121
How did the anti-corn law league protest
Meetings and pamphlets
47 of 121
Due to what event in 1845, caused the corn laws to be repealed in 1846
Bad harvest leading to famine
48 of 121
Who led the anti-slavery society
William Wilberforce
49 of 121
How did the anti-slavery society protest
Meetings, pamphlets, petitions ,speaking in parliament
50 of 121
When was slavery abolished
1883
51 of 121
Why did it become t expensive to keep slaves
Sugar prices fell dramatically
52 of 121
What individual industrialists improved conditions in their factories
Robert Owen, Titus Salt, George Cadbury
53 of 121
Who introduced 8 hour working days
Robert owen
54 of 121
What did George Cadbury have introduced in his factories
Pensions, worker’s committees and a worker’s welfare schemes
55 of 121
Who built a town next to his mill, what did it include
Titus Salt, it included a hospital, church and bathhouses
56 of 121
What was the old idea of Laissez-fire
Government shouldn’t intervene
57 of 121
Lordshaftsbury’s campaigns led to which acts
Factory act of 1833 and Mines act of 1842
58 of 121
What did the factory act do
Reduce children’s working hours
59 of 121
What did the mines act do
No women/children to work down in the mines
60 of 121
Why didn’t all people support Lordshaftsburys’ acts
They reduce family income
61 of 121
What event in 1789 spread fear in England of workers rising up
French revolution
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What two societies did workers use as methods to improve living conditions
Friendly societies and trade societies
63 of 121
Who were luddites
Weavers who destroyed machines they believed took their jobs
64 of 121
In 1830s Robert Owen organised the GNCTU, what does it stand for
Grand National Consolidated Trade Union
65 of 121
Why were the farmers from Tolpuddle arrested in 1834
For getting members to sign a secret oath of loyalty
66 of 121
How long were they sent to Australia for
7 years
67 of 121
How many protested in London in hope to reverse the decision
200,000
68 of 121
What happened in 1880
Education became compulsory
69 of 121
When did working men get the vote
1884
70 of 121
Unions for skilled workers were called the
New model unions
71 of 121
Unions for unskilled workers were known as
New unions
72 of 121
When did the match girls run the first successful unskilled worker’s strike
1888
73 of 121
What did the more militant London dockworkers get from their strike in 1889
A pay increase
74 of 121
When was the Labour Party created
1893
75 of 121
After WW1 mines were given back to mine owners, what were two problems with the coal
Demand for coal dropped and it was cheaper to import coal from abroad
76 of 121
What did mine owners do in response
Reduce wages and increased hours
77 of 121
What is TUC
Trade union Council (/Congress)
78 of 121
What was the day, month and year of the start of the general strike, when the miners/railway workers and dockers went on strike
4th May 1926
79 of 121
How long did the general strike last
9 days
80 of 121
What did the government use to turn people opinions away from the strike
Radio and newspapers
81 of 121
What global event caused union membership to rise again
World War 2
82 of 121
What is nationalisation
When a government takes over the running of an industry
83 of 121
What was a closed shop
Factory where you had to be a union member to work there
84 of 121
When was the miners strike
1985
85 of 121
When did striking miners return to work
A year after
86 of 121
What were Victorian views on a women’s role
To cook and clean in the home, raise children and some had small paid jobs
87 of 121
Name three things men could do but women couldn’t
File for divorce, own property, couldn’t vote like most men
88 of 121
What word means to have the right to vote
suffrage
89 of 121
In 1897 the many regional groups who wanted women’s suffrage, United to form the NUWS, what does it stand for
National union of women’s suffrage society
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Millicent Fawcett led the NUWSS, what were they known as
Suffragists
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What kind of methods did the suffragists use
Peaceful methods
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Emmeline Pankhurst formed the WSPU in 1903, what did it stand for
Women’s social and political union
93 of 121
Name three ways the suffragettes campaigned
Chained themselves to railings. Smashed windows. Set fire to postboxes.
94 of 121
What happened to Emily Wilding Davidson in 1913
She threw herself in front of the kings horse and died
95 of 121
Where were hundreds of thousands of women recruited to work in WW1
Government munition factories
96 of 121
What did the representation of the people’s act in 1918 do
Gave female property owners over the age of 30 the vote
97 of 121
How was this extended in 1928
Now all women over 21 could vote
98 of 121
How many women joined the workforce in WW2
Over 7 million
99 of 121
When was the abortion act
1967
100 of 121
When was the divorce act
1969
101 of 121
What act happened a year after the divorce act
Equal pay act (1970)
102 of 121
What became available on the NHS in 1974
Contraception
103 of 121
What did the employment protection act of 1975 do
Made it illegal to sack a women due to pregnancy
104 of 121
When was the first female Prime-minister of Britain
1979
105 of 121
What is the commonwealth
Uk together with states previously part of the British Empire
106 of 121
What did the British Nationality act of 1948 allow
Anyone from the commonwealth to come to Britain and gain a full British citizenship
107 of 121
Where did most immigrants live
In run down areas of cities, working class areas
108 of 121
Most immigrants had low-paid insecure jobs except skilled workers like ...
Doctors and nurses
109 of 121
What serious racial violence happened in 1958 in Notting Hill
Black homes and shops were attacked and fire bombed by white gangs
110 of 121
Who organised a carnival in response to the violence at Notting Hill and what did the carnival later become known as
Claudia Jones; The Notting Hill carnival
111 of 121
Who’s funeral became a mass anti-racism demonstration in May 1959
Kelso Cochrane’s
112 of 121
What famous perch did Enoch Powell give in 1968
‘Rivers of Blood’
113 of 121
What was the ‘Rivers of Blood’ speech about
Predicting civil war if immigration didn’t stop
114 of 121
What did the national front call for and what happened because of it
Called for an end to immigration and causes racial hatred in some inner cities
115 of 121
When were the tt who Commonwealth Immigration acts to limit black and Asian Immigration
1962, 1968
116 of 121
How many race relations acts were they and when were they passed
3 race relations act in 1965, 1968 and 1976
117 of 121
Name two affects of economic depression in Brixton in the 1980s
Unemployment and crime
118 of 121
What did a police ‘stop and search’ cause in April 1981
Serious rioting including use of arson and looting
119 of 121
what did the Scarman report find
Racist culture in the police force and blamed police for causing Brixton Riots
120 of 121
Well done
Good luck
121 of 121

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What happened on the 15th June 1215

Back

Magna Carta was signed

Card 3

Front

Where was Magna Carta signed

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What year did King John die

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the Provisions of Oxford

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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