Bowlbys Theory of Deprivation- A01

  • Created by: MollyL20
  • Created on: 10-12-20 15:30
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  • Bowlbys theory of deprivation
    • This theory focused on the idea that continual presence of nurture from a mother or a mother-substitute is essential for normal psychological development of babies and toddlers
    • Bowlby famously said: 'mother-love in infancy and childhood is important to mental health as are vitamins and proteins for physical health'
    • Separation vs deprivation
      • Separation simply means that the child isn't in the presence of a PAF and only becomes a problem when it turns into deprivation
      • Brief separations particularly where the child is a substitute caregiver, aren't significant for development but extended separations can lead to deprivation which causes harm
    • The critical period
      • Bowlby saw the first 30 months of life as a critical period for psychological development.
      • If the child has not had  a suitable substitute mother care then he believed that they will suffer with psychological development was inevitable
    • Effects of development
      • Intellectual development
        • Bowlby believed that if children were deprived of maternal care for too long during the critical period they would have suffered delayed intellectual development characterised by abnormally low IQ
        • For example, Goldfarb (1947) found lower IQ in children who had remained in institutions as opposed to those that were in foster and thus had a higher level of emotional care
      • Emotional development
        • Bowlby identified affectionless psychopaths, the inability to experience guilt or strong emotion for others
        • This prevents the person developing normal relationships and is associated with criminality
        • Affectionless psychopaths cannot appreciate the feelings of victims and so lack remorse for their actions
    • 44 thieves study
      • Procedure
        • 44 criminal teenagers accused of stealing. They were all interviews for signs of affectionless psychopathy (lack of guilt, lack of empathy, lack of affection)
        • Their families were also interviewed in order to establish whether the 'thieves' had prolonged separation from their mothers
        • A control group of non-criminal but emotionally disturbed young people was set up to see how often maternal separation/ deprivation occurred in the children who were not thieves
      • Findings
        • 14/44 thieves could be described as affectionless psychopaths of this 14, 12 had experienced prolonged separation from their mothers in the first 2 years of their life. In contrast, only 5 of the remaining 30 thieves had experienced separations
        • Of the control group, only 2 out of 44 had experienced long separation. It was concluded that prolonged early separations/ depravations caused affectionless psychopath


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