Bowlby's monotropic attachment theory (1969)

AS- A2/A level

  • Created by: usharif
  • Created on: 24-03-18 21:10
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  • Bowlby's monotropic attachment theory (1969)
    • M
      • Monotropy
        • Infants have one special emotional bond
          • Primary attachment relationship
          • Often the biological mother , not always
    • S
      • Social releasers
        • Mechanisms to promote attachment such as crying, smiling
        • 1. Hearing a bay cry,
          • 2. Makes the parent uncomfortable
            • 3. Therefore they are innately driven to comfort the child to ensure the survival of the baby and therefore their own genes.
    • I
      • Internal Working Model
        • is a mental set of expectations about what relationships will be like, forming in early infant’s attachment
          • It acts as a template for future relationships, thus a faulty internal working model may have a harmful impact
        • Short term
          • Gives the child insight into the caregiver's behaviour and enables the child to influence the caregiver's behaviour - a true partnership can be formed
        • Long term
          • Acts as template for future relationships as it generates expectations about what intimate, loving relationships are like
    • A
      • Adaptive
        • Attachment behaviour evolved as it serves an important survival function - an infant who is not attached is less well proctected
        • Parents must be attached to their infants in order to ensure that they are cared for and survive
        • It is only the parents who look after their offspring that are likely to produce next generations
    • C
      • Critical Period
        • a limited window for development of all biological systems take place most rapidly and easily during a critical period
          • Outside of this time window such development will not be possible
        • Attachment must form in the early ages of 2 1/2 years
          • If attachment isn't formed during this critical period, then child would be damaged for life
            • 'PIES ' -Physically - Intellectually - Emotionally - Socially


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