BOWEL CANCER

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  • BOWEL CANCER
    • Symptoms
      • Bleeding (blood in stool)
      • Abdominal pain
      • Low red blood count
        • Aneamia symptoms
          • Very tired
      • Change in bowel habits that last over 6 weeks
      • Lump detected by doctor
    • Risk factors
      • Family history
      • Smoking
      • Previously having cancer
      • Low fibre diet
      • Crohn's disease
      • Benign polyps in bowel
      • Age- 85% over 60
      • Being diabetic
      • Overweight/obese
      • Little physical exercise
      • Having more than 2 units of alcohol a week
    • Diagnosis
      • Examination of rectum
      • Sigmoidoscopy - lower part of bowel
      • Colonoscopy - bowel
      • Virtual colonoscopy -CT
      • Barium enema
      • CT, MRI or ultrasound
    • Treatment
      • 2 main tests reduce risk of mortality by 16% by catching it early:
        • Examination of stool samples for blood
        • Examination of bowel
      • Depends on stage, size and type of cancer as well as health of patient
      • 8/10 patients have surgery
      • Chemotherapy
      • Radiotherapy
      • Biological treatments
      • Cannot cure if spread - can only treat symptoms
    • Prevention
      • High fibre diet
      • Taking regular exercise
      • Hormone Replacement Therapy
      • Taking the pill
      • Vitamin D
      • No smoking
    • Impacts on client
      • Physical
        • Scars from surgery
        • Stoma - bag for digestion
        • Diarrhoea
        • Lacking in energy
        • Very tired
        • Affect diet
      • Emotional
        • Fear
        • Anxiety
        • Worries about future
        • Difficult to deal with feelings
        • Confused, upset and shocked at diagnosis
      • Financial
        • Serious money worries
        • Charity grants
        • Benefits e.g. carers allowance, income support
      • Intellectual
        • Time off work due to illness/treatment
        • Lack of concentration - worried about health

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