Behaviourism

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: KayshaN
  • Created on: 17-01-18 09:46
View mindmap
  • Behaviorism
    • Assumptions
      • only interested in behavior that can be observed and measured
      • Control, Objectivity, lab experiments
      • Basic learning is the same in all species e.g animals can replace humans
    • Classical Conditioning
      • learning by association
      • Pavlov's Dogs
        • When the dog eats food (UNS), it feels pleasure (UNR)
          • Every time the dogs ate, a bell was rung (NS)
            • The dogs associated the bell with the food
              • The bell has now become the conditioned stimulus and pleasure is the conditioned response
                • Classical Conditioning
                  • learning by association
                  • Pavlov's Dogs
                    • When the dog eats food (UNS), it feels pleasure (UNR)
                      • Every time the dogs ate, a bell was rung (NS)
                        • The dogs associated the bell with the food
                          • The bell has now become the conditioned stimulus and pleasure is the conditioned response
      • Operant Conditioning
        • Skinners Rats
          • In a box with a lever
            • If they touched the lever they would get a treat
              • They associated the level with a positive reward so learnt to press the lever
                • Positive Reinforcement
        • Negative Reinforcement
          • Avoidance of something unpleasant (electric shock condition)
        • Punishment
          • unpleasant consequence
      • Positives
        • Scientific Credibility- measurement of observable behavior, highly controlled lab studies and allow replication
        • Real Life Application- e.g. token economy in prisons (OC) and classical condition treating phobias
      • Negatives
        • Environmental Determinism- this approach says that all behavior is determined by past experiences. Ignores any possible influence of free will
        • Ethical and Practical issues in animal experiments- stressful to animals, skinners rats electric shock
        • Mechanistic View of Behaviour- animals seen as passive and machine like, little or no conscious insight

    Comments

    No comments have yet been made

    Similar Psychology resources:

    See all Psychology resources »See all Approaches resources »