Behavioral approach Phobias

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  • Behavioral approach to explain phobias
    • Characteristics of phobias-
      • Avoidence
      • Panic
      • Endurance
    • How phobias came about
      • 2 process model
    • Classical Conditioning (Learn the phobia)
      • Association (NCS+NS) UCS -> UCR NS -> NR UCS+NS -> UCR -----------CS->CR
      • Little albert
        • generalized to other similar objects
    • Operant Conditioning (Maintains the phobia)
      • Behaviour is reinforced
        • Negative reinforcement People avoid the unpleasant situation
      • Phobias are long lasting
    • Evaluation
      • Real life application to therapy
        • Systematic desensitization
          • Exposure to phobia - cant avoid
        • Flooding
      • Not all phobias follow trauma
      • Incomplete explanation - ignores biological explanations
        • innate predispositions

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