Baron-Cohen

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  • Baron-Cohen
    • Aim
      • To investigate whether adults with autism/AS would be impaired on a TOM test
    • Method
      • Quasi-experiment
      • IV-Disorder DV-Result on TOM test
      • Matched participants (Age and IQ)
      • Repeated measures
    • Procedure
      • Eyes task-25 photos of male & female eye regions in black and white
        • Shown for 3s and given a forced choice question (2 possible answers) Basic e.g. sad  Complex e.g. arrogant
      • Basic emotion task
        • Used to check if difficulties were to do with basic emotion recognition
        • Photos of whole faces with 6 basic emotions (happy, sad, angry, afraid, disgust, surprise)
    • Results
      • Eyes Task Autistic- 16.3 Normal- 20.3 Tourette- 20.4
      • Gender RecognitionAutistic- 24.1Normal- 23.3Tourette 23.7
      • Strange Stories Tourette- No mistakes Autistic- significant mistakes
    • Participants
      • 16 autism/AS 50 normal   10 Tourette
      • 13 males      3 females autistic/AS
        • 8 males           2 females Tourettes
          • 25 male      25 female Normal
    • Evaluation
      • Method- can claim cause and effect as was highly controlled
        • Was a quasi-expt. so researcher didnt have to manipulate the IV
          • The Strange Stories task validated the Eyes Test
        • Artificial environment lacks ecological validity. Participants sensitive to environment
        • Eyes task low in ecol. validity as only showed stationary eyes not moving, usually see whole moving face
        • Ethical issue of protection from harm as could've been stressful for participants
      • Data- was quantitative meaning could be analysed to show TOM however no qualitative data which could've explained results
      • Sample- was small with 4 autistic, 12 AS and 10 tourette so difficult to generalise.
      • Practical application of developing TOM. However only useful if Eyes Test is proven valid

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