ATYPICAL GENDER DEVELOPMENT - Psychoanalytic Theory and Cognitive Explanations

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  • Created on: 03-04-18 15:24
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  • ATYPICAL GENDER EXP - SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL EXP
    • PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY
      • GID in males is caused by the child experiencing extreme seperation anxiety before gender identity has been established (argued by Ovesey and Person 1973).
      • Child fantasises of a symbolic fusion with his mother to relieve the anxiety and danger of seperation is removed.
      • Consequence is the child becomes the mother and adopts female gender identity.
    • COGNITIVE EXP
      • Lynn Liben and Rebecca Bigler 2000 proposed an extension of gender schema theory emphasising individual differences in gender identity.
      • 2nd pathway = the PERSONAL PATHWAY - describes how childs gender attitudes are affected by his or her activity.
        • Individuals personal interests may become more dominant than the gender identity.
      • May lead to androgynous behaviour and flexibile attitude to gender.
        • In small minority may lead to eventual formation of GID.

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