Are case studies scientific

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  • Created by: jill
  • Created on: 04-01-15 17:23
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  • Are case studies scientific ?
    • Validity
      • +
        • Information comes from a real person in a real situation and is about his or her own life
        • detailed, rich, indepth
        • Not collected in an artificial setting
      • -
        • may be influenced by researcher
        • Are a snapshot of a certain time and situation
      • In general, valid
    • Reliability
      • In general, not reliable
      • -
        • If repeated by another person, with a different Pp or at a different time may not get same results
      • +
        • Similar situations can be found eg damaged hippocampus, clive wearing and HM
        • Data from different studies can be compared and conclusions drawn
    • Generalisability
      • In general data from case studies is not generalisable
      • +
        • Freud generalised from his cs because he thought they provided evidence for his general theory
      • -
        • Comes from one individual/small group and is therefore specific to them
    • Objectivity
      • In general case studies seen as not objective (so subjective)
      • -
        • Involve interpretation from researcher both at data gathering and analysis stages
      • +
        • Can be achieved by using several different methods of data collection, triangulation, cross-case analysis etc.
      • Untitled
  • not easily replicated
    • -
      • If repeated by another person, with a different Pp or at a different time may not get same results

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