Animal Studies of Attachment

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Camay
  • Created on: 16-05-18 17:05
View mindmap
  • Lorenz's Research
    • Animal Studies of Attachment
      • Harlow's Research
        • Procedure
          • 16 baby monkeys were reared with 2 wire mothers
          • Condition 1: Milk dispensed by wire mother
          • Condition 2: milk dispensed by cloth covered mother
        • Findings
          • Baby monkeys preferred cuddling soft object than wire one. This was regardless of which one dispensed milk.
          • 'contact comfort' is more important to the monkeys than food when it came to attachment behaviour
        • Effect on Adulthood
          • More agressive, less sociable, unskilled at mating
            • The ones that were mothers neglected their babies and sometimes killed them
        • Critical period
          • Mother had to be introduced within 90 days or else attachment would be impossible and deprivation irreversible
    • Imprinting
      • When bird species that are mobile from birth, attach to the first moving object they see
      • Procedure
        • Did study on geese. 2 conditions: Experimental and Control
          • Experimental condition: eggs hatched in incubator. Lorenz was first moving thing they saw
          • Control condition: eggs hatched in natural environment and mother goose was the first thing they saw
      • Sexual imprinting
        • Relationship between imprinting and adult mate preferences
          • Birds imprint on human= display courtship behaviours towards humans when adults
    • Procedure
      • Did study on geese. 2 conditions: Experimental and Control
        • Experimental condition: eggs hatched in incubator. Lorenz was first moving thing they saw
        • Control condition: eggs hatched in natural environment and mother goose was the first thing they saw
    • Findings
      • The chicks who saw him before anything followed him like they would a mother even when mixed with other chicks
      • The chicks who saw mother before anything followed mother even when mixed with other chicks
      • Critical period
        • Geese had a few hours to imprint or else they never would
    • Evaluation
      • Limitation: only interested in imprinting in birds. Can't generalise to humans as mammals are very different from birds. Mammals can form attachments later on in life
      • Limitation: Lorenz conclusion isn't completely accurate. Guiton found that chickens imprinted on yellow glove later preferred mating with chickens. Imprinting not permanent.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Attachment resources »