Anglo-Saxon England

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  • Anglo-Saxon England c.1000-1500
    • The Role of the King
      • King Ethelred became more involved in making and enforcing the law.
      • Duty to keep 'king's peace'.
      • Relied on his nobles.
      • Crimes against authority= threatened social structure.
    • Law and Enforcement
      • King issued codes of law.
      • Role of community was important.
      • God was the final judge.
      • Each shire divided into 100.
        • Each hundred divided into 10 tithings.
      • Raise the 'hue and cry'.
      • Accused could swear innocence under oath.
        • If repeated offender, they cannot swear.
      • 'Trial by ordeal'.
    • Punishment
      • Wergild.
      • Corporal punishment.
        • Mutilation- ears, fingers.
      • Public punishment.
        • Physical pain and humiliation.
        • The stocks and pillory.
    • Changes Throughout the Period
      • The Normans changed thoughts on C&P.
        • The king's power and influence grew.
      • Growth in towns increased crime.
        • The use of punishment and capital punishment increased.
      • Throughout the church played an important role in defining and enforcing the law.
        • The church's role increased.
        • The church stopped moral crimes.
      • Populations grew around abbeys and monasteries.
    • Crime
      • Crimes against the person.
        • Assault, murder.
      • Crimes against property.
        • Theft, robbery and arson.
      • Easy to identify criminals.
        • Each area had a Reeve.

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