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  • Anaesthetics
    • Laughing Gas 1799. Humphry Davy discovered it. Horace Wells used it. Temporary pain relief
    • Esther  1846. Used by American dentists. Used in  Britain for amputations. It was very flammable and caught fire sometimes during surgery.
    • Chloroform 1847. Discovered by chance by James Simpson. Queen Victoria used it in childbirth. Increased usage after
    • For and against. Religious groups believed that God wanted women to suffer through childbirth.
    • People were worried about the side effects. Overdoses did happen
    • Led to the Black Period. Doctors carrying out more adventurous operations. Caused infections. Many deaths by blood loss.
      • Doctors didn't sterile equipment until Louis Pasteur's germ theory


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