RS Unit 4 (Anthology- Implications) A. J. Ayer

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  • A.J. Ayer
    • Is God even probable?
      • Cannot be demonstratively proved - not probable
      • If probable - needs to be an empirical hypothesis
        • Deduce experiential propositions
          • Make verifiable statements about God (we can't)
            • Can't prove that God caused the effect
      • Verification principle
    • Metaphysics
      • 'God exists' = certain actions occur in a particular sequence
      • God cannot be defined by manifestations (e.g. creation)
      • God is metaphysical (above+beyond physical)
        • Cannot be proved true or false - we cannot talk meaningfully about Him
          • Telelogical / cosmological arguments
    • Atheists + Agnostics
      • Agnostic = God is a possibility (no good reason)
        • Both views are unverifiable - no evidence (not a meaningful question)
          • Atheist = more probable God does not exist
      • Atheist = more probable God does not exist
    • God and the empirical world
      • God = control (superior - exists outside it)
      • Qualities are non-empirical (unintelligible notion)
        • The world 'God' tells us nothing about Him
    • Transcendent truths
      • Nature of God is a mystery (object of faith)
    • The  God of the mystics
      • Nothing more than intuition (not sufficient evidence)
        • Religious experience = psychological
    • Conclusion
      • Religious experience = not valid
      • Intuition = no truth


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