19th-century public health

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  • Created by: Ethan4
  • Created on: 07-11-15 10:35
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  • Public health provision
    • 19th-century public health
      • Summary
        • In the early 19th century, the growing towns of Britain were characterized by overcrowding, poor housing, bad water and disease.
        • In 1842, Edwin Chadwick argued that disease was the main reason for poverty, and that preventing disease would reduce the poor rates.
        • In 1848, a cholera epidemic terrified the government into doing something about prevention of disease - through both public and individual health measures.
    • was completely transformed as the 19th century progressed.
    • but by the 1900s energetic social reformers had comprehensively turned things round.
    • Overcrowding,dirt, poverty and disease went hand in hand at the century's start
  • Individual measures
    • In 1911 National Insurance (free medical treatment for workers who fell ill) was introduced.
    • 19th-century public health
      • Summary
        • In the early 19th century, the growing towns of Britain were characterized by overcrowding, poor housing, bad water and disease.
        • In 1842, Edwin Chadwick argued that disease was the main reason for poverty, and that preventing disease would reduce the poor rates.
        • In 1848, a cholera epidemic terrified the government into doing something about prevention of disease - through both public and individual health measures.
    • In 1907 school medical examinations were ordered for all children (among these examinations were those of the 'nitty nurse').
    • In 1908 Old-age pensions were introduced.
    • In 1906 local councils were told to provide free school meals for poor children.
    • When the Boer War revealed that half the population were unfit for military service,
      • the government accepted that it had to pass laws to improve the situation of the individual poo

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