1867 Reform Act

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • 1867 Reform Act
    • Causes
      • Pressure groups
        • Reform Union - supported by influential employers e.g. Samuel Morley
        • Reform League - large working class numbers
        • Chartism
      • Divisions in Liberal Party
        • Russell resigned after failure of his reform bill
        • Gladstone (new Liberal leader) wanted too much liberal reform
        • Some didn't want too many new voters
      • Conservative want for self-preservation
        • Disraeli sided with Liberal Gladstone on reform
        • Prime minister Lord Derby (Tory)
        • Disraeli concerned about self-preservation
        • Wanted to enfranchise the poor for their votes - won election in 1874
      • Progressive middle class
        • Enfranchising workers would make them happier
        • Better workers = more profit
        • Still lingering fear of revolution
      • Spotlight on reform in this period
        • 1819 Peterloo
        • Public Health Act 1848
        • Factory Acts 1833 and 1844, 10 Hours 1847
        • Mines Act 1842
        • Poor Law Amendment 1834, Outdoor Relief Act 1838
        • Swing Riots, Chartism, Plug Plots, Newport Rising
      • Demographic changes
        • Growing industrial cities
        • Population increasing
      • Palmerston's previous differing agenda
        • Reform ignored in favour of foreign policy
        • Pressure for reform mounting again
        • Palmerston's death in 1865 gave Russell the opportunity to propose a reform bill as PM.
    • Provisions
      • Enfranchised male borough householders over age of 21.
      • Male lodgers paying £10 for a room got vote.
        • Led to enfranchising a further 1.5 million men.
      • Counties and boroughs with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants lost 1 MP.
      • 45 new seats distributed to other towns.
        • 15 given to towns who'd never been represented.
        • Extra seats given to new industrial towns
        • University of London seat created
        • 25 seats given to counties whose population increased since 1832
      • Scotland given 7 new MPs. Ireland's distribution remained.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Modern Britain - 19th century onwards resources »