You and your genes - B1

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Where is genetic material found?
Nucleus
1 of 23
What is the long molecule of DNA called?
Chromosome
2 of 23
What is the short length of the chromosome called?
Gene
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What are the different versions of genes called?
Alleles
4 of 23
Each gene is a code for..?
making a certain protien
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What is the genetic make-up of an organism?
Genotype
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If a trait is heterozyous, what does it mean?
You have two different alleles
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If a trait is homozygous
You have two alleles the same
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Dominant alleles are shown with..?
Capital letters
9 of 23
Recessive alleles are shown with..?
Lowercase letters
10 of 23
What is special about the 23rd pair of chromosomes?
They determine sex
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If you have XY chromosomes are you male or female?
Male
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If you have ** chromosomes are you male or female?
Female
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What disease is caused by a dominant allele?
Huntington's disease
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What disease is caused by a recessive allele?
Cystic fibrosis
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What is thick mucus is a symptom of what disease?
Cystic fibrosis
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What is tremors (shaking) a symptom of?
Huntington's disease
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What is it called when you test an embryo before it's put in the womb?
Pre-implantation genetic diagonisis
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What is the change of miscarriage with testing an embryo?
0.5-1%
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What does asexually reproduction mean?
Reproduction with just one parent
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Why is bone marrow used to treat diseases?
Because it contains unspeciaised cells
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What do you call a cell able to differentiate?
An adult stem cell
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What compound is made of amino acids?
Proteins
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the long molecule of DNA called?

Back

Chromosome

Card 3

Front

What is the short length of the chromosome called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the different versions of genes called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Each gene is a code for..?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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