Wyatt's Rebellion 1554

4 main causes of the rebellion
Anti-Spanish feeling, religion, economics and faction
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Who was Mary planning to marry in 1554?
Philip of Spain
2 of 36
People thought England would become the '....' in Spanish Interests
Pawn
3 of 36
People thought that Spain would involve England in what?
European conflicts
4 of 36
What would this drain and lead to?
Resources, increased tax
5 of 36
What stance did the English church have in 1554?
Catholic (Conservative)
6 of 36
Who was the man ordered by the government to say the main cause was purely religion?
John Proctor
7 of 36
Where did the Rebellion originate?
Kent
8 of 36
What happened economically in Kent?
Decline in the Cloth Trade + rise in unemployment
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Solely the Cloth Trade?
No, list of rebels suggests over 30 trades
10 of 36
Who would not like to see Spanish power over patronage?
Gentry (especially young Gentry in Kent)
11 of 36
Where were the 4 simultaneous rebellions supposed to be held?
Kent, Devon, Leicestershire, Welsh Borders
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Who did they supposedly have support from?
The French
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What happened to the plot?
It was leaked - forced a premature rebellion
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Who led the rebellions of 1554?
Thomas Wyatt
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Who was he and how did this help the rebellion?
Large landowner in Kent with a strong local standing, able to rally up support quickly
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How many rebels did he rally up?
Over 3,000
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Who couldn't he get support from and what problems did this pose?
Gentry members and Nobles, lack of support as they got closer to London
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Who did Mary send to meet the rebels and where?
Duke of Norfolk (aged), at Rochester
19 of 36
What did Mary's forces do and what did they chant?
They abandoned Mary's cause and chanted 'We are all Englishmen!"
20 of 36
What 2 things did Mary do that strengthened her position?
Remained in London, and appealed to the people
21 of 36
Quote from her speech:
'I do earnestly and tenderly love and favour you'
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What did Wyatt do that was fatal for the rebellion?
Delayed marching on London
23 of 36
What did this give Mary, and what did she do?
Time, she fortified London, including London Bridge
24 of 36
Where were the rebels defeated?
At Ludgate (doors didnt open)
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How many rebels executed?
90-100
26 of 36
4 reasons for failure
Mary's skill, Wyatt's leadership, lack of support, location
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The contemporary view of the main cause was what?
Came solely from Religion (John Proctor)
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Revised Historian View (David Loades)
Came from Political reasons, the Anglo-Spanish marriage
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Evidence for religion being cause
14 lay leaders, 8 protestant and 3 probable
30 of 36
What was Kent at the time, supporting this religious view?
Religiously Radical County
31 of 36
However, religion was what to each and every rebel..
Personal
32 of 36
Why do you have to be careful of Wyatt's supposed motivation of the marriage?
The country was religiously divided - Patriotism would have gained much more support
33 of 36
What impact did the rebellion potentially have on Philip?
May have been the reason he rarely visited England
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Impact on the succession?
Mary didn't change the succession away from Elizabeth
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Monastic lands?
Mary abandoned restoration of monastic lands
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who was Mary planning to marry in 1554?

Back

Philip of Spain

Card 3

Front

People thought England would become the '....' in Spanish Interests

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

People thought that Spain would involve England in what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What would this drain and lead to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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