ussr ; fall ; political failures ; attempted reforms of party

DEFINING FUNCTIONS OF PARTY AND STATE
DFGDG
1 of 61
gorby sought to do what to party and state?
separate
2 of 61
attempted to do this at what event?
19th party conference of communist party
3 of 61
when?
june '88
4 of 61
but little was done to get individuals to do ewhat?
choose one over the over
5 of 61
why was this not an easy task?
*beck bennet voice* blurred lines
6 of 61
this was largely result of what system?
nomenklatura system
7 of 61
whereby appointments and promotions in state relied on what?
party loyalty
8 of 61
often case that personnel of one org did hwta in other?
held same position
9 of 61
in october gorby became which two things?
gensek of party and president of ussr
10 of 61
this mirrored situaiton hwere?
lower down in party
11 of 61
where first secretaries in each republic also held position of?
chairman of regional soviet
12 of 61
SHIFTING POWER FROM PARTY TO SOVIETS
DGDF
13 of 61
attempted by allocation what to soviets?
more finance
14 of 61
to give them what to support role?
more resources
15 of 61
deputies of soviet elected for how many years trather than two?
5
16 of 61
a move that did what for them?
gave greater security in post
17 of 61
STREAMLINING PARTY
FGDFG
18 of 61
departments of central committee of party were originall how many?
20 ppl
19 of 61
reduced to?
9
20 of 61
and how many new commissions created?
6
21 of 61
accompanied by similar measures to do wat?
streamline state
22 of 61
when had gorby finally created superministries?
nov '85
23 of 61
which did what?
co-ordinated economic planning
24 of 61
how many ministries merged for one superministry for agriculture?
5
25 of 61
CLAMPDOWN ON CORRUPTION
DGDG
26 of 61
one of leading casualties was whose son in law?
brezhnev
27 of 61
what was his sentence?
12yrs prison
28 of 61
attacks on corrupt officials popular with who?
public
29 of 61
but caused lot resentment where?
in party
30 of 61
gorby given firsthand evidence of difficulties when?
dec '86
31 of 61
who was removed from first secretary of party of kazakhstan?
kunayev
32 of 61
on grounds of?
corruption
33 of 61
his replacement was kolbin who was?
ethnic russian
34 of 61
how did kazakhs view this?
outsider intervention
35 of 61
and rioted to do what?
support kunayev
36 of 61
order only restored after what?
several hundred protestors killed
37 of 61
who was responsible for sacking and appointment?
gorby
38 of 61
so blame placed no?
him
39 of 61
warn to gorby that party reform was fraught with?
potential dangers
40 of 61
- moves toward democratisation and its impact
dggdfdfs
41 of 61
in early '87 meeting of central committee gorby discussed iea of what?
secret ballots for multiple candidates
42 of 61
in wat month was there a limited experiment with multple candidates in local soviet elections?
june
43 of 61
small but significant break with practice of elections involving what?
single party proposed canditates
44 of 61
when was the 19th party conference?
june '88
45 of 61
groby announced what principle would be extended to national level?
multi-candidate elections
46 of 61
with elections for who?
Congess of People's Deputies
47 of 61
congress set up to provide what over government?
supervisory role
48 of 61
and party of gorby's attempts to dowhat?
separate party and state
49 of 61
what were to happen to members of congresS?
allocated to party or other orgs e.g trade unions / union of writers
50 of 61
communist party had how many candidates?
100
51 of 61
how did they decide?
nomination
52 of 61
what did other groups do?
give members a choice
53 of 61
in some seats voters could choose from how many candidates?
12
54 of 61
communist party were the only what party?
legal political party
55 of 61
and as such could control what?
nomination process
56 of 61
however what was this enough to do?
engage population in process
57 of 61
when did the elections for the new congress of people's deputies take place?
march '89
58 of 61
what did this form of democracy represent?
significant change
59 of 61
but did what for communist party?
weakened power irretrievably
60 of 61
reforms criticised for being little moretahn?
tinkering with system
61 of 61

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

gorby sought to do what to party and state?

Back

separate

Card 3

Front

attempted to do this at what event?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

when?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

but little was done to get individuals to do ewhat?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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