Upper GI Anatomy and Abnormalities

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1. Which of these statements is false?

  • The parotid gland initiates the digestion of starch
  • Mumps is a primary cause of parotitis
  • The submandibular gland only produces mucous fluid
  • The sublingual duct opens lateral to the submandibular duct
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2. Which of these statements is false?

  • The quadrate lobe is next to the IVC
  • The quadrate lobe is next to the gallbladder
  • The quadrate lobe is next to the fossa created by the ligamentum teres
  • The quadrate lobe is at the lower visceral surface

3. Where is the deepest part of the abdominal cavity when a patient is lying supine (Morison's pouch)?

  • Between stomach and spleen
  • Between liver and diaphragm
  • Between liver and right kidney
  • Between spleen and left kidney

4. Which of these statements is false?

  • The embryological gut tube is anterior to the abdominal aorta
  • The embryological gut tube is attached to the anterior wall in the midgut and hindgut
  • The embryological gut tube is attached to the posterior wall by the dorsal mesentry
  • Communication with the lesser sac is via the epiploic foramen

5. The anterior liver drains into which lymph nodes?

  • Hepatic then colic
  • Hepatic then phrenic
  • Phrenic then thoracic duct
  • Phrenic then cisterna chyli

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