types of long term memory

  • Created by: IvyVega
  • Created on: 03-06-18 12:38
stores events from our lives- episodic
this store has been likened to a diary of daily happenings.
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episodic memories are complex
they are time-stamped- you remember when they happened. they involve several elements- people, places, etc.make a conscious effort to recall them
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stores our knowledge of the world- semantic memory
this is like a combination of an encyclopedia and a dictionary.
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semantic memories are not time-stamped
semantic knowledge is less personal and more about the knowledge that we all share
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stores memories for actions and skills- procedural
these are memories of how we do things
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recall occurs without awareness or effort
these are the sorts of skills we might even find quite hard to explain to someone else because we recall these memories without conscious awareness.
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strength 1- real-life application
belleville et al found that episodic memories can be improved in older people with mild cognitive impairments. training led to improvements. this highlights the benefit of distinguishing between different types of LTM-allows specific treatment 2 grow
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limitation 1- problems with clinical evidence
there is a serious lack of control of different variables in these studies. so it is difficult to generalise from these case studies to determine the exact nature of LTM
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

they are time-stamped- you remember when they happened. they involve several elements- people, places, etc.make a conscious effort to recall them

Back

episodic memories are complex

Card 3

Front

this is like a combination of an encyclopedia and a dictionary.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

semantic knowledge is less personal and more about the knowledge that we all share

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

these are memories of how we do things

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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