Tourism

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  • Created by: Chloe
  • Created on: 07-06-16 21:37
Why has tourism been increasing?
People have: more disposable income, more leisure time. Cheaper flights due to budget airlines. Places are more accessible due to flights.
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Why are tourists attracted to the cities?
Culture, shopping, landmarks, food, scenery, history. E.g. London, Paris and New York.
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Why are tourists attracted to the mountains?
Scenery, skiing, walking, hiking, the snow, the climate. E.g. The Alps and the Himalayas.
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Why are tourists attracted to the coasts?
Climate, scenery, water sports. E.g. Mediterranean.
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Why is tourism important for the economies of many countries?
Creates jobs, provides an income. LEDCs are more dependent on tourism than MEDCs.
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Why is tourism important for the UK?
Provides a large amount to the UK economy. Millions of tourists visit yearly. Popular due to landmarks, monarchy, history, culture etc.
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What are the factors affecting tourism to the UK?
Weather, world economy, exchange rate, terrorism and conflict, major events, e.g. London 2012 Olympics.
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What does the Butler Model Show?
How the number of tourists to a destination vary over time.
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What is another name for the Butler Model?
The tourist area lifecycle model.
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What are the 6 stages of the Butler Model?
1. Exploration. 2. Involvement. 3. Development. 4. Consolidation. 5. Stagnation. 6. Decline and Rejuvenation.
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What is exploration?
Small number of tourists, few facilities.
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What is involvement?
Local people start providing facilities for tourists.
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What is development?
Big companies get involved. More and more tourists are visiting.
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What is consolidation?
Tourism is still a big part of the economy but tourist numbers are beginning to level off.
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What is stagnation?
Visitor numbers have peaked. Facilities are less attractive.
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What is decline?
Fewer vistors come due to run-down facilities.
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What is rejuvenation?
Area rejuvenated, more people visit again.
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Name an example of a UK tourist resort:
Blackpool
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Why do people visit Blackpool?
Blackpool Illuminations, The pleasure beach, the sandy beaches, theatre, concerts.
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Why did Blackpool become popular in the 1800s and 1900s?
Railway had just been built making it easily accessible. Flights were expensive, only made by rich. More disposable income. More leisure time.
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Why did Blackpool decline as a tourist resort?
Stag and Hen dos deterred families. Litter. Cheap flights to the Mediterranean due to budget airlines and reliable weather.
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How did they rejuvenate?
Bid for super casino, failed went to Manchester. Cleaned up beaches, now has blue flag status. Built new shopping facilities. £300 million rejuvenation project
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What is mass tourism?
A large number of tourists visiting the same area at the same time.
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What are the positives of mass tourism?
Jobs, brings money into the local economy meaning they can invest in development, also invested in protecting the environment.
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What are the negatives of mass tourism?
Large sum of profit kept by large companies. Jobs are seasonal. Leads to the destruction of habitats.
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How can the negatives be reduced?
Improve public transport, limit the number of visitors to sensitive areas and provide bins,
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How can tourism be maintained?
Build new facilities, advertise and market, offer new activities, make it cheaper to visit.
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Name an example of mass tourism:
Kenya
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Why is Kenya popular?
Safaris, climate, animals (the big five: rhino, elephant, lion, leopard and buffalo) and the scenery.
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Positive impacts of mass tourism in Kenya
Jobs, traditional customs preserved, 23 national parks with entry fees. Entry fees pay for maintenance and preservation of the parks.
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Negative impacts of mass tourism in Kenya
Most of the profit goes to big companies. Conflict between locals and tourists. Safari vehicles have destroyed the land.
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Reducing the negatives
Limit safari trucks, encourage walking. Provide less damaging, alternate activities.
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How are they maintaining tourism?
Advertising campaign, visa fees cut, disperse tourists.
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What is extreme tourism?
Tourism in extreme environments such as Antarctica.
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What makes an extreme environment extreme?
Lack of buildings and people. Extreme temperatures.
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Why are tourists attracted to extreme environments?
Due to climate change, may be limited chance to see them, like the adventure and want to go where not many have.
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Why is extreme tourism increasing?
Easier access, cheaper flights, although expensive, more disposable income and adventure holidays are becoming more popular.
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How is extreme tourism damaging the environment?
Deforestation for fuel. Destroys habitats. Soil erosion as trees are no longer holding soil together. Also causes flooding.
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Name an example of an extreme environment:
Antarctica
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Why is it becoming popular?
Attracted to the scenery, wildlife and want to see it before the ice melts due to global warming.
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What are the negative impacts of extreme tourism?
Trampled wildlife, fears tourists could bring new diseases and new species which could wipe out existing ones.
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What is being done to maintain and protect Antarctica?
All tour members have become members of IAATO. An organisation. They have set rules: tourists must stay with guides, all litter must be taken away, not more than 100 people on land at once.
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What is ecotourism?
Small-scale tourism which doesn't harm the environment and aims to teach people about the importance of protecting the environment.
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It involves two key ideas:
Conservation and stewardship
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What is conservation?
The act of protecting and maintaining the environment
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What is stewardship?
Taking responsibility for protecting and maintaining (conserving) the environment.
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What are the positives of ecotourism?
Creates jobs, protects the environment, provides an income to the local economy, uses renewable energy sources.
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How does ecotourism help the sustainable development of areas?
Conserves the rainforest for future generations. Money earned helps develop the local area. Improves the quality of life for locals.
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Name an example of an ecotourist resort:
Yachana Lodge, Ecuador
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What?
Small-Scale tourism in the Amazon rainforest next to the Napo River.
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Quality?
Every room has a view of the river, safe drinking water and a private bathroom.
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What are the benefits?
Employs local people bringing money into the local economy. Offers a range of no-energy activities. Teaches people about the importance of conserving the environment. Reduces logging.
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Is it sustainable?
Yes, conserves the rainforest for future generations. Runs off renewable energy sources, meaning it does not contribute to global warming. Activities require no energy. Improves standard of living.
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What is sustainability?
Meeting the needs of today without compromising the needs of future generations.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why are tourists attracted to the cities?

Back

Culture, shopping, landmarks, food, scenery, history. E.g. London, Paris and New York.

Card 3

Front

Why are tourists attracted to the mountains?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why are tourists attracted to the coasts?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why is tourism important for the economies of many countries?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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