Topic 2 - Respiration

Acetate
a salt or ester of ethanoic acid
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Acetyle coenzyme A
the acetyl ester of coenzyme A, involved as an acetylating agent in many biochemical processes
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Anaerobic respiration
respiration without O2 forms lactic acid in animals ans ethanol +CO2 in plants and microorganisms
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ATP
energy currency of most cells
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ATP synthase
an enzyme that joins the ADP and phosphate to REsyntheses ATP
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Coenzyme A
A coenzyme derived from pantotothenic acid, important in respiration and other biochemical reactions
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Crista
each of the partial partition in a mitochondria formed by folding of the inner membrane
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Chemiosmosis
the movement of protons through a membrane, down their electrochemical gradient
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Coenzymes
non protein compound that is neccessary for the functioning of an enzyme
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Electron carrier
molecule situated in the inner membrane of a mitochondria and passes electrons from one molecule to the next and generates ATP
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Electron transfer chain
chain of electron carrier molecules in the inner membrane of a mitochondrion
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Ethanol
a colourless, water - soluble alcohol - produced along with CO2 bu anaerobic respiration in plants
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Gylcolysis
conversion of glucose to pyruvate during respiration
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Link reaction
conversion of pyruvate to acetylcoenzyme A in respiration
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Mitochondria
the places in a cell where aerobic respiration takes place
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Oxidative phosphorylation
production of ATP during respiration
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Reduced NAD (NADH)
NAD that has taken hydrogen or electrons
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Respiration
a process in living organisms involving the production of energy , typically with the intakre of O2 + the releases of CO2 fro the oxidation of complex organic substances
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Substrate level phosphorylation
production of ATP by a reaction directly coupled to one of the steps in the krebs cycle
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Pyruvate
3 carbon substance which the final product of gylcolysis
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Krebs cycle
series of reactions that take place in the matrix of the mitochondrion in which NADP is generated and CO2 is given off
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Card 2

Front

the acetyl ester of coenzyme A, involved as an acetylating agent in many biochemical processes

Back

Acetyle coenzyme A

Card 3

Front

respiration without O2 forms lactic acid in animals ans ethanol +CO2 in plants and microorganisms

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

energy currency of most cells

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

an enzyme that joins the ADP and phosphate to REsyntheses ATP

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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