Token Economy Programmes (criminal)

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what is it based off?
operant conditioning: positive and negative reinforcement
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what is the aim?
to prevent recidivism by modifying the behaviour of the criminals
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how does it work?
tokens (secondary reinforcers) are given for desirable behaviour e.g. no aggression for a day. these tokens can be exchanged for primary reinforcers e.g. more family visits or cigarettes
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define shaping
process that occurs where tokens become harder to achieve and what the criminal has to do to earn them becomes harder (tries to reduce dependency on tokens)
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how is negative reinforcement involved?
tokens can be taken from criminals for undesirable behaviour
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how can they ensure that this therapy is effective?
by the staff administering the tokens consistently and immediately
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three positive evaluation points
cheaper, immediate, hobbs and holt (125 young criminals: half didn't do TOP and their behaviour remained constant but those who did improved)
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three negative evaluation points
subjective which behaviours, unethical sometimes bc basic human rights are withheld e.g. meals, rice (participants did improve but not outside the setting)
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Card 2

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what is the aim?

Back

to prevent recidivism by modifying the behaviour of the criminals

Card 3

Front

how does it work?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

define shaping

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

how is negative reinforcement involved?

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