The Teleological Argument

Two forms of the Teleological Argument
analogical and inductive
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5 key concepts of teleological argument
order, benefit, purpose, suitability, appearance
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Basis of Aquinas' Fifth Way
all non-rational beings work towards a beneficial end, need to be directed by something, this director is God
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3 Criticisms of Aquinas' Fifth Way
logically unnecessary, inductive leap, highly empirical
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Basis of Analogical Argument
intricate parts of watch cannot be brought about by chance and need explanation for appearance, like universe
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Improvements of Analogical Argument
doesn't suggest nature, bad design, acknowledges that watch cannot be fully applied
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Analogical Argument Basic Criticisms
watch cannot be compared to universe, need outside comparison
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Dawkins' Criticisms of Analogical Argument
series of chances, necessity of purpose?, why look for more, need purpose for design
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Hume's Criticisms of Analogical Argument
limited vs. unlimited, how far does the analogy refer to?, a posteriori, anthropomorphism, humanity vs. nature, universe as a machine
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Epicurean Hypothesis
any quantum interaction all possible states are actualised
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Evil And Suffering
dysteleological argument, malevolent God, undermines order
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Argument from Probability Premises
order and design increases likelihood, regularities of science from design, providential nature
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Argument from Probability Criticisms
'brute fact', presumes order is for humanity, one God?, 'psychologically necessary'
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Aesthetic Argument Premises
intelligible and not chaotic, evolution (progress), suitability, appreciation of harmony and beauty, beyond suitability
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Aesthetic Argument Criticisms
evil and suffering, anything non-beautiful undermines argument, competent God
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Anthropic Principle
human life, evolution
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

order, benefit, purpose, suitability, appearance

Back

5 key concepts of teleological argument

Card 3

Front

all non-rational beings work towards a beneficial end, need to be directed by something, this director is God

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

logically unnecessary, inductive leap, highly empirical

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

intricate parts of watch cannot be brought about by chance and need explanation for appearance, like universe

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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