The Hydrological Cycle

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  • Created by: RHI123
  • Created on: 28-01-14 18:26
Throughfall
Water dripping from one plant or leaf to another.
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Surface Runoff
Water that is over land.
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Channel Storage
Water that is in a river or stream.
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Water Table
Top surface of Zone of Saturation - the zone of soil of rock where pores are full of water.
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Groundwater Storage
Water in the ground either in soil(soil moisture) or rocks.
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Surface Storage
Water in puddles, lakes or ponds.
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Vegetation Storage
Water that is taken up by plants
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Interception
When precipitation lands on vegetation , buildings or concrete or tarmac before it reaches the soil.Interception storage is only temporary as the water quickly evaporates.
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Precipitation
All the ways that moisture comes out of the atmosphere. Mainly rain but can also be snow , hail, dew or frost
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Stemflow
Water which runs down the sides of plant stems or tree trunks
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Through flow
Water moving slowly downhill through the soil
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Infiltration
Water soaking into the soil
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Percolation
Water seeping down through the soil towards the water table
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Groundwater Flow
Water flowing slowly below the water table through permeable rock
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Baseflow
Water that feeds into streams or rivers via river banks and river beds
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Interflow
Water flowing downhill above the water table through permeable rock
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Channel Flow
Water flowing into the stream or river itself
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Evaporation
Water turning into water vapour
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Transpiration
Plants and trees take up water , transport it to their leaves and the evaporates into the atmosphere
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Evapotranspiration
The process of evaporation and transpiration together
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River Discharge
Another output
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Potential Evapotranspiration
How much water could be lost due to evapotranspiration
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Actual Evapotranspiration
How much water is actually happens as a result of evapotranspiration
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Water that is over land.

Back

Surface Runoff

Card 3

Front

Water that is in a river or stream.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Top surface of Zone of Saturation - the zone of soil of rock where pores are full of water.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Water in the ground either in soil(soil moisture) or rocks.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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