The Wars of the Roses

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  • Created by: Kaitlyn
  • Created on: 21-03-16 16:07
March 1445
Henry VI married Margaret of Anjou
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September 1445
York was removed as lieutenant of France
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December 1446
Somerset was appointed lieutenant of France
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July 1447
York was made lieutenant of Ireland
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March 1448
Anjou and Maine were surrendered
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July 1449
York finally goes to Ireland
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April 1450
Suffolk is exiled and then killed by pirates off the shore of Kent
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May/June 1450
Cade's Rebellion - led by Jack Cade/John Mortimer which links York to the throne on his mother's side
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August 1450
Somerset returns from France after a disasterous campaign
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September 1450
York returns from Ireland after hearing of Somerset's failure
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1st March 1452
The Dartford Coup led by Richard of York
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August 1453
Henry VI falls ill, subsequent loss of Gascony doesn't help
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13th October 1453
Edward of Westminster, son of Margaret of Anjou and Henry VI is born
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November 1453
Somerset is sent to the Tower of London by York
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March 1454
York's first protectorate begins
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25th December 1454
Henry VI recovers from his illness
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February 1455
York's first protectorate ends
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22 May 1455
The first Battle of St Albans - Somerset, Northumberland and Clifford all die
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November 1455
York's second protectorate is set up
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February 1456
York's second protectorate ends
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24 March 1458
Loveday - The two opposing sides walk through the streets of London holding hands to show they were untied and not at war
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October 1458
Margaret slowly withdraws funds for Warwick's campaigns in France, he disobeys her orders to come home and instead turns to piracy to fund them
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23 September 1459
Battle of Blore Heath (Staffordshire) - Yorkist victory, Yorkist under Earl of Salisbury; Lancastrian under Lord Audley and Baron Dudley
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12 October 1459
The Battle of Ludford Bridge - Lancastrian victory, Richard of York returns to Ireland, Salisbury flees to Calais
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9 October 1459
Parliament of Devils - Margaret of Anjou disinherited all of the Yorkist heirs from their titles
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10 July 1460
Battle of Northampton - Yorkist victory, Edward Earl of March (Edward IV is present in the fighting)
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25 October 1460
York signed the Act of Accord which meant that he would be protectorate and when he died, Edward (IV) would become King
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30th December 1460
The Battle of Wakefield - Lancastrian victory, Richard of York was captured and beheaded
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2nd February 1461
Battle of Mortimer's Cross - Yorkist victory
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17th February 1461
Second Battle of St Albans - Lancastrian victory
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29 March 1461
Battle of Towton - Yorkist victory, Edward IV is proclaimed king by the Earl of Warwick who has been a good friend of his father, Richard of York
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28th June 1461
Edward IV's coronation
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25 April 1464
The Battle of Hedgeley Moor - Yorkist Victory
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May 1464
Secret marriage of Edward IV to Elizabeth Woodville
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July 1465
Henry VI is sent to the Tower of London by Edward IV for safekeeping
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November 1467
Commercial treaty between England and Burgundy runs out
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April 1469
Robin of Redesdale and Robin of Holderness - supported by Warwick
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26 July 1469
The Battle of Edgecote
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12 March 1470
The Battle of Losecoat field (Battle of Empingham) - Royal victory against the opposing York side of the rebels
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October 1470
Edward IV flees to Burgundy and Henry VI returns to the throne
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14 April 1471
Battle of Barnet - Royal victory, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick is killed
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4 May 1471
Battle of Tewkesbury - Lancastrian prince of Wales killed, Henry VI is then murdered in the tower on Edward's orders
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May 1471
Edward IV regains the throne
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September 1472
Treaty of Chateaugiron with Brittany is signed
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July 1474
Treaty of London with Burgundy is signed
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August 1475
Treaty of Picquigny with France is signed
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18 February 1478
Duke of Clarence, George Plantagenet is killed by request of his brother Edward IV on account of treason for accusing the Queen of witchcraft. Rumored to have been drowned in his favorite Malmsey wine
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9 April 1483
Death of Edward IV
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June 1483
Lord Hastings, Earl Rivers, Richard Grey and Thomas Vaughan (all relatives of Elizabeth Woodville) executed by Richard, Duke of Gloucester's orders
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July 1483
Edward V and Richard, Duke of York, last seen in the Tower of London, rumours were that Richard had them killed so he could be king without threats
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6 July 1483
Richard, Duke of Gloucester, crowned king Richard III
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October 1483
Buckingham rebellion
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April 1484
Richard's only son Edward dies
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16 March 1485
Death of Queen Anne - Richard is said to be inconsolable
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22 August 1485
The Battle of Bosworth (last battle of the wars of the roses) - Richard III dies and Henry Tudor becomes King Henry VII
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October 1485
Henry VII is crowned King
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January 1486
Henry marries Elizabeth of York (Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville's daughter)
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July 1486
Conspiracy of Lovell and Stafford against Henry VII
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20 September 1486
Prince Arthur of Wales is born + Act of Resumption is passed
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June 1487
Simnel's rebellion and the Battle of Stoke
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1489
Yorkshire rebellion
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1491-99
Warbeck's rebellion - Perkin Warbeck claimed to be Richard Duke of York, Elizabeth and Henry's son supposedly killed in the Tower with his brother
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28 June 1491
Prince Henry VIII is born
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May 1497
Cornish rebellion
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October 1497
Perkin Warbeck surrenders
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23 November 1499
Perkin Warbeck hanged
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2 April 1502
Arthur Prince of Wales dies aged 15
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11 February 1503
Queen Elizabeth of York dies
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April 1506
Edmund de la Pole imprisoned in the Tower
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21 April 1509
King Henry Tudor dies after founding one of the most significant dynasties to date - Buried next to Elizabeth of York in Westminster Cathedral by his wishes
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

York was removed as lieutenant of France

Back

September 1445

Card 3

Front

Somerset was appointed lieutenant of France

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

York was made lieutenant of Ireland

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Anjou and Maine were surrendered

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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