Terrorism

HideShow resource information
Insurgent
Someone who is involved in a violent uprising, without the organisation of a revolution against a sovereign (legal) government
1 of 31
Suicide Bomber
Someone who attacks a target with an intent to kill others and cause great damage knowing that they will die in the process
2 of 31
Ideology
a belief that guides a social movement/individual/class/ institution/large group Nationalism- devotion and loyalty to one’s own country (patriotism)
3 of 31
Religious Ideology
total commitment to a belief in holy scriptures and absolute religious authority
4 of 31
4 causes of Terrorism
Poverty, Land, Religious beliefs, Individual factors
5 of 31
4 reasons it's condemned
Large no. of casualties, civilian casualties, gives religion a bad name, spreads fear and intolerance
6 of 31
3 aims of PLO
Give Palestinian Arabs their own country, Destroy Israel, Arab Unity
7 of 31
4 aims of PIRA
End UK influence over Northern Ireland, unite Ireland, Defend and Support civil rights of Catholic community
8 of 31
4 aims of Al Qaeda
End Western influence over Muslim countries, Destroy Israel, Unite all Arabs, Destroy Western Dictatorships
9 of 31
War of Attrition (PLO)
Attacked Israeli people --> gave theh Israeli Military more power
10 of 31
Targeted Terrorism (PLO)
Black September - kidnapped members of Israeli Olympic team, killed 11 --> raised international awareness
11 of 31
1st Intifada (PLO)
Mass uprisings, civil disobedience, strikes, boycott of Israeli products --> recognised Israel's right to exist, set up own state on West Bank + Gaza strip + Jericho
12 of 31
Negotiations (PLO)
Oslo Agreement 1993 --> right to self-govern
13 of 31
Political Strategy (PIRA)
Sinn Fein - 7 IRA members starved to death in protest -->Anglo Irish Agreement 1985 reduced violence
14 of 31
Peace Strategy (PIRA)
Good Friday Agreement 1998 --> Ceasefire
15 of 31
International Terrorism (Al Qaeda)
Suicide bombers Yemen (1992) Madrid (2004) London (2005) -- > fear of Al Qaeda
16 of 31
Leadership of PIRA
Army Council
17 of 31
Leadership of PLO
Yasser Arafat (Alone)
18 of 31
Leadership of Al Qaeda
Bin Laden with advisers and Zawahiri
19 of 31
Organisation of PIRA
Tightly knit cells 1975 --> less members, they vote
20 of 31
Organisation of PLO
l - legislative body, Yasser Arafat has an executive committee - Loose control
21 of 31
Organisation of Al Qaeda
Small independent cells unaware leaders/other cellsMo
22 of 31
Motivation of PIRA
Nationalism
23 of 31
Motivation of PLO
Nationalism
24 of 31
Motivation of Al Qaeda
Ideology of Islamic fundamentalism
25 of 31
Government reaction to PIRA
Increased intelligence and surveillance
26 of 31
Government reaction to PLO
Negotiation
27 of 31
Government reaction to Al Qaeda
Reactive/pre-emptive military action
28 of 31
Effectiveness of PIRA
Good - Reduced British influence Protected Catholic community Good Friday Agreement didn't rule out united Ireland Bad - Ireland not united Not a success
29 of 31
Effectiveness of PLO
Good - Oslo Accords gave them their own country Bad - Only a fraction of original country Partial success
30 of 31
Effectiveness of Al Qaeda
Bad - More influence over Muslims Failed to destroy Israel Caused instability Not a success!!
31 of 31

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Someone who attacks a target with an intent to kill others and cause great damage knowing that they will die in the process

Back

Suicide Bomber

Card 3

Front

a belief that guides a social movement/individual/class/ institution/large group Nationalism- devotion and loyalty to one’s own country (patriotism)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

total commitment to a belief in holy scriptures and absolute religious authority

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Poverty, Land, Religious beliefs, Individual factors

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all A New World? - Terrorism resources »