Surgery Period

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who made the discovery of the carbolic acid?
Joesph Lister as he discovered it killed of paracites.
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who discovered chloroform? And why was it better than ether?
James simpson. And because: it was less harmful, no vomiting etc...
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why did chloroform have opposition?
Because it cuased the death of hannah Greener, it was untested and against religion.
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what was the cause of death for many soldiers in WW1?
Blood loss, blood transfusions were not proberly developed. also infection due to the poor condition of the landscape.
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what was added to blood to stop it from clotting and so it could be stored?
Sodium citrate. Also later on citrate glucose was found to help store blood for longer.
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what work and developments did Harold Gillies make?
Facial reconstruction. and plastic surgery.Found methods such as pedicles.
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why did patient normally died after surgery?
the doctors had unwashed hands, open operating theatres, dirty clothes, un sterilised conditions and equipment.
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What where the problems with Ether?
Flammable, irritates the lungs, hard to transport, vomiting, death, longer periods of sleep.
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why did anesthetics increase the death rate at the time?
it allowed longer surgery periods which allowed infection to be driven deeper into the body.
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Why were blood transfusions unsucessful at first ?
Because they did not knoe about different blood types.
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Card 2

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who discovered chloroform? And why was it better than ether?

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James simpson. And because: it was less harmful, no vomiting etc...

Card 3

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why did chloroform have opposition?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what was the cause of death for many soldiers in WW1?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what was added to blood to stop it from clotting and so it could be stored?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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