Sociology key terms 4

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Typology
a generalisation used to classify things into groups of types according to their characteristics, which do not necessarily apply in every real world example.
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Ideal types
a model of ‘pure types’ that contain the essential features of a religious organisation, but which don’t exist in the real world – they provide a measuring rod for a researcher to compare.
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Religious pluralism
– a situation where there are a variety of different religion, different groups within a faith, and a range of beliefs of all kinds, with no one-belief system ruling.
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Charismatic leader
a person with a powerful, imposing ‘magnetic’ personality that gives them power over other groups.
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Theodicy of the disprivilege
a religious explanation and justification provided by sects for the social marginalisation of believers, often used as a test of faith.
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Millenarian beliefs
some form of extra-worldly or supernatural intervention will change the world rapidly and suddenly, in what ALDRIDGE calls imminent apocalyptic collapse of the existing world
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Card 2

Front

a model of ‘pure types’ that contain the essential features of a religious organisation, but which don’t exist in the real world – they provide a measuring rod for a researcher to compare.

Back

Ideal types

Card 3

Front

– a situation where there are a variety of different religion, different groups within a faith, and a range of beliefs of all kinds, with no one-belief system ruling.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a person with a powerful, imposing ‘magnetic’ personality that gives them power over other groups.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a religious explanation and justification provided by sects for the social marginalisation of believers, often used as a test of faith.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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