Sociology Key Terms

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1. What is a substantive definition?

  • An attempt to define religion by characteristics
  • An attempt to explain what religion really is
  • Definitions that focus on the role religion plays for society
  • Terms for beliefs that give meaning to the world
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2. What was enlightenment?

  • The decline in religious belief
  • Associated with 18th century where reason became leading principle
  • Associated with 19th century where reason became leading principle
  • The period of being enlightened

3. What is the name for things which are regarded with awe and reverence?

  • Sacred
  • Sacred canopy
  • Totems
  • Cultic/holistic milieu

4. Define 'polytheistic'.

  • Religions defined by characteristics
  • Relgions based around gods
  • Religions based around more than one god
  • Non-religious groups

5. What does 'ideology' mean?

  • Oppressive values
  • A set of ideas that legitimates the power of a group
  • Ideas
  • Policies of a political party

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