Sociology - Couples

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What is meant by the term instrumental role?
The male breadwinner - financial support.
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What is meant by the term expressive role?
The female nurturer - housework, childcare & emotional support.
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What is meant by the term segregated conjugal roles?
There is a sharp division between the male breadwinner & female homemaker.
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What is meant by the term joint conjugal roles?
Where couples share domestic tasks & leisure.
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Name the 3 characteristics of the symmetrical family.
Women go out to work; 'New man' helps with housework & childcare; Couples spend leisure time together (family = privatised).
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Name 3 reasons for the symmetrical family.
Slum clearance; Geographical mobility; Affluence; Changing role of women; New technology.
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What does Oakley argue?
Although husbands 'helped', was often just once a week; More likely to help with childcare.
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What is the dual burden?
Women now do paid & domestic work.
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What do feminists argue about responsibility for children & quality time?
Men only help with specific childcare tasks (caring if sick, taking them to the park); Women manage the family's quality time.
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What is the triple shift?
Women carry emotion work, domestic labour & paid work.
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What does Gershuny believe about the gender division of labour?
Women do less housework if in full-time jobs & men take more responsibility.
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What did Ramos find about the gender division of labour?
Where women are full-time breadwinners, men are unemployed & they do equal amounts of domestic labour.
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What was found out about same-sex couples in terms of the division of labour?
Heterosexuals socialised into gender scripts (masculine & feminine roles); Lesbians more open to negotiation (more equal).
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What is the allowance system?
Men give their unemployed wives an allowance from their budget to meet the family's needs.
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What is pooling?
Couples both work & have joint responsibility for spending (joint bank account).
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What is the material explanation for inequalities in decision making?
Men have more power because they earn more, women are economically dependent so have less say.
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What is the cultural (feminist) explanation for inequalities in decision making?
Gender role socialisation in a patriarchal society instils the idea that men are decision-makers.
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What did Ansley argue?
Women are the 'takers of ****', & with more financial independence they are able to leave bad marriages.
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What is domestic violence?
Violence in the home (physical; emotional; financial; isolating).
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What do statistics show about domestic violence?
Far too widespread to be the behaviour of a few disturbed individuals, & assaults are mainly against women.
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What is the radical feminist explanation for domestic violence?
Result of patriarchy; Men oppress women where they benefit from women's domestic labour & sex; Men dominate the state - police fail to take it seriously.
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What did Dobash & Dobash find?
Violence was triggered when men felt their authority was being challenged; Marriage legitimates violence by giving men power.
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What is the materialist explanation for domestic violence?
Women are not the only group at risk; Violence is due to a lack of resources (stress on the family by social inequality).
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What do Marxist feminists believe?
Ansley - male workers exploited at work, so take frustration out on wives.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is meant by the term expressive role?

Back

The female nurturer - housework, childcare & emotional support.

Card 3

Front

What is meant by the term segregated conjugal roles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is meant by the term joint conjugal roles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name the 3 characteristics of the symmetrical family.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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