sociology

culture
the norms, values, beliefs, rituals, customs and rules associated with a particular society or social group
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high culture
refers to artistic and intellectual work, e.g. classical music or shakespeare
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popular culture
refers to everyone enjoying popular stuff, eg pop music or the x factor
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subculture
certain meanings and behaviour which are enjoyed by a minority
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consumer culture
buying things to help define who you are
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global culture
aspects of culture which are global, eg brands such as apple or events such as the world cup
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multiculturalism and cultural diversity
migration leads to countries experiencing a variety or cultures
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socialisation
this is a process which begins in the family when we are born and continues all of our lives
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primary socialisation
the socialisation of young children in the family in learning essential skills such as language
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secondary socialisation
starts when a child starts school. also includes media, peers, religion, and the workplace (agencies of socialisation)
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norms and values
norms are the expected way to behave for social situations. values are the beliefs or ideals behind the rules.
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role
the part we play in society. the norms of our status.
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status
the position that a person has within society
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ascribed status
what you are born with
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achieved status
the results of a persons efforts
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positive sanctions
used to reward behaviour which is desirable
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negative sanctions
used to punish behaviour which is undesirable
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informal social control
unwritten rules that can be punished by being grounded, peers mimicking you
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formal social control
written rules that can be punished by the law, or police
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imitation
one way children learn from their parents- copying their behaviour
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canalisation
socialising children in the correct gender role, eg pink for girls
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role models
those we look up to and copy behaviour from
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nature vs nurture
is it in our biology or our environment
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

refers to artistic and intellectual work, e.g. classical music or shakespeare

Back

high culture

Card 3

Front

refers to everyone enjoying popular stuff, eg pop music or the x factor

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

certain meanings and behaviour which are enjoyed by a minority

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

buying things to help define who you are

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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