Sociology

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Francis 2005 (Gender Identity)
Says: Gender is important part of society and fitting into school often means adopting behaviour which conforms to gender stereotypes.
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Mac and Ghaill (Male Gaze)
Says: Male gaze is sexually objectifying girls by looking them up and down. They say its form of surveillance to prove their 'masculinity'. And reinforces hegemonic masculinity and devalues feminity.
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Sue Lees 1993 (Gender Identities)
Says: Boys boast about their sexual exploits, but when girls are overly sexual or dress inappropriately, they are 'slags'.
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Butler Education Act 1994
All children have to stay in secondary education until the age of 14.
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Comprehensivation 1965
Got rid of the tri-partie systema and created high schools where pupils were mixed.
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National Curriculum 1988
Creates an equality of opportunity as everyone has to study the same subjects.
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Louise Archer et al 2010 (Social Class Differences)
Says: Working class pupils found to get educational success, they would have to change how they spoke and presented themselves. Working class pupils may get their status and value, via 'style'.
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R.R.V.P.E.T.T (Research Methods)
R= Reliability, R= Representativeness, V=Validity, P= Practical Factors, E= Ethical Factors, T= Theoretical, T= Triangulation
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Milgram Experiment (Research Methods)
Experiment on obedience, but not valid as set in artificial environment. Ethics was a big problem with it as people were decided and informed consent not given. People would do what they were told, by what they believed to be an authority figure.
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Zimbardo Standford Prison Experiment (Research Methods)
Experiment on obedience. Found people will obey what they believed to be an authority figure. It was reliable, but ethics was a big problem as people were harmed.
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Bodo Doll Experiment (Research Methods)
Experiment on media impact on behaviour. Children watched adults play with toys, if adults acted violently so did the children, visa versa.
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Murdock (Functionalist Functions of Family)
Says: The functions of family are; education (primary socialisation), economic, reproduction and sexual
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Parsons (Functionalist Functions of Family)
Says: The functions of family are; stabilisation of adult personalities and primary socialisation of children.
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Engels 1820-95 (Marxism and Family)
Says: Nuclear families developed as means of passing on private property to heirs.
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Zaretsky (Marxism and Family)
Says: Family 'cushions' workers from brutal realities of Capitalism.
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Althusser 1971 (Marxism and Family)
Says: In order to Capitalism to survive, working class must submit to ruling class.
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Durkheim (Functionalist Education)
Says: Eduction promotes social stability, creates equality of opportunity and is like a miniature society.
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Parsons (Functionalist Education)
Says: Eduction is vital source of secondary socialisation, and it acts as a bridge between family and work. Education rewards those that put in the effort.
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Davis and Moore (Education)
Says: Education is meritocratic. And education allocates people into the roles they are best suited to (role allocation)
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Bowles and Gintis (Education)
Says: Close correspondence between education and work place (correspondence theory). And education is like factory, suiting needs of economy.
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Althusser (Education)
Says: Education is part of ideological state apparatus, which brainwashes people into accepting conformity.
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Bordieu (Social Class in Education)
Says: Middle class has cultural capital that helps them do well in education and schools reward those who have a significant degree of cultural capital.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Says: Male gaze is sexually objectifying girls by looking them up and down. They say its form of surveillance to prove their 'masculinity'. And reinforces hegemonic masculinity and devalues feminity.

Back

Mac and Ghaill (Male Gaze)

Card 3

Front

Says: Boys boast about their sexual exploits, but when girls are overly sexual or dress inappropriately, they are 'slags'.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

All children have to stay in secondary education until the age of 14.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Got rid of the tri-partie systema and created high schools where pupils were mixed.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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