Sociologists

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  • Created by: WHAMRAP82
  • Created on: 26-11-15 12:45
Albert Cohen
Working class youths growing awareness of their inability to achieve goals through academic success leads to status frustration where the goals are then rejected, and the goals become replaced by deviant goals and a delinquent subculture is formed.
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Cloward & Ohlin
Some young people are able to join a local gang or take up a life of crime, but otherslack even these choices. These Individuals become double-failures, and often retreat into a life of violence and drug abuse.
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Walter B. Miller (1962)
Believes their viewpoint is in reaction to failure to achieve in the mainstream. Miller suggests that working class male follow this idea.
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David Matza (1964)
Suggests a number of young people disapprove of most crime and are only partially committed subculturak norms and did not strongly reject society's values and more likely to drift in and out of deviant behaviour.
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Becker
Believes that deviance is a relative concept and deviance only exists because those people in society have decided something is deviant.
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Cicourel (1976)
Study of police & juvenile officers in California found police were more likely to arrest poepl who fitted the picture of poor-school and low-inocme backgrounds, and ethnic minority. Middle classes were likely to be cautiond, couselled and released.
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Edwin Lemert
Lemert claims the common factor among deviants is the process of labelling - the public reaction to the deviant leads to response of the deviant to public labelling
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Jock Young
Study of hippie marijuna users in Notting Hill. The hippies followed the self-fulfilling prophecy and they internalised this label, becoming their 'master label' and a deviant career formed
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Chambliss (1975)
Acts are only defined criminal when it is the interests of the ruling classes to do so, meaning that crime and devaince is constructed by the laws to protect them, and the ruling class also have the power to prevent certain laws.
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David Gordon (1991)
Suggests most working class crimes are realistic rational responses to inequalities. Argues ideology of capitalism encourages criminal behaviour in all social classes. Capitalism encourages a 'culture of envy' among poorer sections of society.
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Louis Althussar
Argues law is an ideological state appartus which functions in the interest of the ruling class to maintainand legitimate class inequality by protecting priorities such as wealth,private property and profit. White collar crime in under punished
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Card 2

Front

Some young people are able to join a local gang or take up a life of crime, but otherslack even these choices. These Individuals become double-failures, and often retreat into a life of violence and drug abuse.

Back

Cloward & Ohlin

Card 3

Front

Believes their viewpoint is in reaction to failure to achieve in the mainstream. Miller suggests that working class male follow this idea.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Suggests a number of young people disapprove of most crime and are only partially committed subculturak norms and did not strongly reject society's values and more likely to drift in and out of deviant behaviour.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Believes that deviance is a relative concept and deviance only exists because those people in society have decided something is deviant.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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