Social Exchange Theory

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  • Created by: caitlin
  • Created on: 19-05-14 20:26
Social Exchange Theory
Thibault and Kelly: Individuals engaged in relationships are motivated to MAXIMISE their rewards (affection, sex, companionship) and MINIMISE their costs (financial, emotional)
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Profit and Loss (Commitment to relationship is dependent to the profitability of the outcome)
people exchange resources with the expectation that they will gain a profit that will exceed to cost. rewards such as; companionship or sex. costs may be effort, financial investment and time wasted.
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Comparison Levels
Thibault and Kelly proposed we develop CLs to judge whether one person offers something better or worse. CL is experience from other relationships or general views of what we expect.
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CL
if we judge the potential profit in a new relationship to exceed out CL, he relationship is worthwhile and other person will be seen as attractive. if the final result is negative we will be dissatisfied and the person will appear less attractive
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Comparison Levels for alternatives
individual weighs up a potential increase in rewards from a different partner, minus any coss associated with ending of current relationship. A new relationship can take the place of the current one if its profit level is significantly higher
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Profit and loss Commentary - Rusbult and Martz
Notion of exchange explains why some women stay in abusive relationships. Rusbult and Martz argue that when investments are high (children, financial security)and alternatives are low (nowhere to live, no money) so s the most profitable solution
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Duck and Sants
critices SET for focusing too much on the individual's perspective and ignoring the social aspect of the relationship e.g. how they communicate and interpret shared events.
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Cultural Bias (Moghaddam)
suggests that ‘economic’ theories only apply to the western relationships where we are very mobile, so short term relationships are more concerned with give and take. Compared to collectivist where they are less mobile and more traditional
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

people exchange resources with the expectation that they will gain a profit that will exceed to cost. rewards such as; companionship or sex. costs may be effort, financial investment and time wasted.

Back

Profit and Loss (Commitment to relationship is dependent to the profitability of the outcome)

Card 3

Front

Thibault and Kelly proposed we develop CLs to judge whether one person offers something better or worse. CL is experience from other relationships or general views of what we expect.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

if we judge the potential profit in a new relationship to exceed out CL, he relationship is worthwhile and other person will be seen as attractive. if the final result is negative we will be dissatisfied and the person will appear less attractive

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

individual weighs up a potential increase in rewards from a different partner, minus any coss associated with ending of current relationship. A new relationship can take the place of the current one if its profit level is significantly higher

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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