Social Change and Religion

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  • Created by: Bvr
  • Created on: 23-04-16 13:19
Durkheim - Worshipping religion is worshipping a stable society
Aborigines - clans of 500 Totemism; worshipping the religions in fact worshipping the norms and values of society and women must marry outside of the clan to prevent incest
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Malinowski - Religion helps to deal with potential trauma and avoid anomie
Trobriand Islanders; fishing outside the barrier reef can be dangerous, canoe magic is used to bring hope to women and provides comfort enabling them to function when men are gone
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Parsons - Religion helps to deal with actual crisis and avoid anomie
Reinforce human bonds (Funerals); share memories and bring sense of closure. Answers the unanswerable, what happens next?
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Bellah - Civil Religion in American
Politics is closely linked religion; influences political decisions (get votes); Christianity is American 'Way of life'
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Marx - Religion is the Opium of the masses
Helps to deal with the pain of oppression; reinforces inequalities; false class consciousness (God gave you that position, don't blame the Bourgeoisie)
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Weber - Religion is catalyst for the development and spread of capitalism
Aesthetic Protestant Christians: hard work and little reward with the money paid back into the business created capitalism
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Thomson - 'It depends' on a range of factors
Depends on other factors, charismatic leader (Martin Luther King), there would't have been the same change if he didn't lead the movement
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Maduro - Neo Marxist; Religion can resist oppression
South America, Catholic priests have mobilised their congregations to rise up against oppressors and bring about social change
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Worsley - Cargo Cults
West Pacific during colonial times; First awakening of proletariat self awareness - Started to realise they don't need colonial oppressors
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Redding - Post Confucianist Beliefs are conducive with Capitalism
Chinese belief system helps and encourages capitalism; Hard work;Discipline;Motivation kickstarted capitalism in China
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Relevant Examples For Social Change
Pressure Groups; Church protecting poor over benefit cuts through protests, Terrorist threats, MLK, The Pope
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Relevant Examples Against Social Change
Equality of Women; Catholic church refused to see them as equal, New Right Christians slowing down change of attitudes
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Nanda - Hinduism in India
Hinduism is becoming increasingly involved in politics in India; moving towards a civil religion. Hindus feel tension between new found wealth and beliefs, thinking they are being rewarded by God for hardwork relieve this and adjust to Capitalism
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Cultural defence in Iran
Oil is key interest for West; Pro-Western religion helps with trading = Banned Islamic calendar caused resentment and anger, lead to revolution by extremist Muslims in 1979
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Castells/Giddens - Fundamentalism, Resistant Identity
Nature of fundamentalism is to resist Liberalisation by giving you back a meta-narrative
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Trobriand Islanders; fishing outside the barrier reef can be dangerous, canoe magic is used to bring hope to women and provides comfort enabling them to function when men are gone

Back

Malinowski - Religion helps to deal with potential trauma and avoid anomie

Card 3

Front

Reinforce human bonds (Funerals); share memories and bring sense of closure. Answers the unanswerable, what happens next?

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Politics is closely linked religion; influences political decisions (get votes); Christianity is American 'Way of life'

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Helps to deal with the pain of oppression; reinforces inequalities; false class consciousness (God gave you that position, don't blame the Bourgeoisie)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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