SNAB (AS) KEYWORDS - LIFESTYLE, HEALTH AND RISK

Arterioles
small blood vessels which have walls containing smooth muscles, formed when arteries divide
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Atherosclerosis
A form of CVD involving deposits of cholesterol and formation of plaques in damaged arteries
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Atheroma
Deposited cholesterol in a damaged artery
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Atrial Systole
First phase of the cardiac cycle when both atria contract
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Atrium
One of two small chambers in the heart which blood flows from veins
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Cardiac Cycle
Sequence of events in the heart during a single heart beat
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Cholesterol
A fatty substance present in cell walls and carried in blood
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Coronary Artery
Artery that carries blood to the heart muscle
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Coronary Heart Disease
Disease of the arteries supplying the heart muscle
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Diastole
Phase of the cardiac cycle when heart muscles relax
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Dipole
Molecule that has a different electrical charge at each end, also known as a polar molecule
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Endothelium
A delicate layer of cells which lines the inside of an artery or vein
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Fibrin
Insoluble protein, produced from fibrinogen, involved in the clotting process
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Fibrinogen
Soluble protein found in blood plasma involved in the clotting process
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Hydrogen Bond
Weak type of chemical bond due to electrostatic attraction between a positively charged hydrogen atom and a negatively charged oxygen or nitrogen atom in another molecule or part of the same molecule
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Hydrophilic
'Water loving' = chemical groups that are attracted to water
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Hydrophobic
'Water fearing' - cheimcal groups that repel water
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Mass Flow
Bulk transport of materials from one point to another as a result of a pressure difference between the two points
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Plaque
A deposit of calcium salts and fibrous tissue that forms in a damaged artery
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A form of CVD involving deposits of cholesterol and formation of plaques in damaged arteries

Back

Atherosclerosis

Card 3

Front

Deposited cholesterol in a damaged artery

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

First phase of the cardiac cycle when both atria contract

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

One of two small chambers in the heart which blood flows from veins

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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