Research Methods - Psychology

  • Created by: SBDL
  • Created on: 30-12-12 13:52
Why conduct Pilot Studies?
give insights into errors and allows researchers to initiate changes in light of any errors
1 of 14
How can you assess reliability of interviews?
Train interviewers and practise questions in pilot study. discuss experiences and check reliability through the way they ask and elaborate q
2 of 14
How can psychologists assess reliability of observations?
no of times observers agree / total no of oberservations
3 of 14
Why is reliability important in interviews?
If two interviewers ask q differently it would bias the results = produce worthless conclusions
4 of 14
What is a demand characteristic?
anything in a study or in the behaviour of the researcher, makes PP aware of purpose or expected behaviour
5 of 14
How could a demand characteristic affect validity of studies?
If PP know they are being observed they behave in 'good light' (social desirability bias). This affects validity of study = not acting 'naturally' = conclusions invalid
6 of 14
Factor that would lower validity?
honesty? tendency to answer in a socially desirable manner, report dif results - bias results
7 of 14
Ethical Issue regarding Strange Situation?
Distress to infant - researchers explain to parents risks of participating. responsibility to minimise any anxiety during study ( stopping when child is upset)
8 of 14
Write one q that would produce quantitative data?
Question: YES/NO
9 of 14
Write one q that would produce qualitative data?
What do you think about ....?
10 of 14
Sampling method: example of volunteer? limitation?
advertising on websites, sending out e-mails etc. biased respondents; 'motivated' volunteers
11 of 14
How would investigator effects reduce validity?
marginal comments made by PP scored on what the psychologists knows
12 of 14
A factor that could be used when matching PP, and why is it important?
temperament because research has shown (?) = influence on performance of both members of the group
13 of 14
Ethical Issues in Psychology? How to deal with them?
Deception, Informed Consent, Psychological Harm. Deal - Debriefing e.g counselling
14 of 14

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How can you assess reliability of interviews?

Back

Train interviewers and practise questions in pilot study. discuss experiences and check reliability through the way they ask and elaborate q

Card 3

Front

How can psychologists assess reliability of observations?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why is reliability important in interviews?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a demand characteristic?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Research methods and techniques resources »