Research methods and Data

HideShow resource information
Replication
Repetition of the research with different participants, time, day etc
1 of 24
Laboratory experiment
Conducted in artificial, controlled conditions with high internal validity because extraneous variables can be controlled
2 of 24
Field experiment
Conducted in a more natural environment but still with control over the IV
3 of 24
Natural experiment
Makes use of existing IV's in a completely natural setting such as treatment for mental illnesses
4 of 24
Questionnaire
List of questions given to respondents and designed to extract information
5 of 24
Content analysis
Changing qualitative data into quantitative data to be easily analysed
6 of 24
Case study
Detailed study of an individual, institution or event
7 of 24
Interview
Face to face questionnaires usually structured but can be unstructured, used to extract information
8 of 24
Non-participant observation
Observing and recording behaviour without any interference
9 of 24
Operationalisation of a variable
Gaining a precise definition of the behaviour to be observed and measured
10 of 24
Non-directional hypothesis
IV will have an effect on DV but no stated direction
11 of 24
Nominal level data
Data is grouped into categories and/or frequencies
12 of 24
Observation
The researcher makes no attempt to manipulate the situation and simply records what they see
13 of 24
Mode
Most frequently occuring value
14 of 24
Median
Middle value in a set of scores
15 of 24
Correlation coefficient
A number representing the degree/strength of a relationship
16 of 24
Co-variables
Two or more measures that may vary with each other
17 of 24
Informed consent
The participants did not know the aims of the study before they consented to take part
18 of 24
Protection from harm
The researchers did not ensure that the participants left in the exact mental and physical state they arrived in
19 of 24
Deception
Misleading participants or with-holding information
20 of 24
Confidentiality / Privacy
Keeping names and data private and anonymous / Not invading an intimate situation or using health records
21 of 24
Right to withdraw
Participants are told they can leave at any time without argument from the researcher
22 of 24
Independent variable
The characteristic the researcher manipulates or changes
23 of 24
Dependent variable
The variable that is being measured in an experiment
24 of 24

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Conducted in artificial, controlled conditions with high internal validity because extraneous variables can be controlled

Back

Laboratory experiment

Card 3

Front

Conducted in a more natural environment but still with control over the IV

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Makes use of existing IV's in a completely natural setting such as treatment for mental illnesses

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

List of questions given to respondents and designed to extract information

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Research methods and techniques resources »