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6. Which authors argue that descriptive representation is needed to bring issues to a certain group to the agenda?

  • Swers (women) and Tate (blacks)
  • Burke (southerners) and Barber (northerners)

7. Which of the following is not a reason why more than 50% of people identify with a party in the US?

  • ability to vote for a party in a wide range of offices
  • politically informed
  • requirement to register
  • entrenched two party system

8. What does Swers say about women in Congress?

  • 'presence is only the first step'
  • 'impact requires more than presence'

9. How much money does a candidate need to successfully run for Congress?

  • half a million dollars
  • quarter of a million dollars

10. What is measured by the Alford Index?

  • % of working class voting for the left - % of middle class voting for the left
  • % of people voting - % of people voting for the left

11. How many percent higher is turnout in countries with PR systems?

  • 8%
  • 5%

12. What did John Adams say the House needed to be?

  • 'a portrait of the people at large in minature'
  • 'a reflection of the American people'