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6. Which of the following is not a factor in increasing dealignment?

  • rising education
  • disillusionment with party politics
  • TV dominant medium
  • growing economy
  • convergence of party policies
  • decay of social cleavages

7. What is the likelihood of a churchgoer voting Republican?

  • 2 to 1
  • 3 to 1

8. Who says that strong Labour and Conservative identifiers are 'now something of an endangered species'?

  • Denver
  • Duverger

9. How many percent higher is turnout in countries with PR systems?

  • 8%
  • 5%

10. What is measured by the Alford Index?

  • % of working class voting for the left - % of middle class voting for the left
  • % of people voting - % of people voting for the left

11. What does Swers say about women in Congress?

  • 'presence is only the first step'
  • 'impact requires more than presence'

12. Who argues that religion has a greater impact on party choice than class in the USA?

  • Lijphart
  • Lipset