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6. Which of the following is not a factor in increasing dealignment?

  • rising education
  • decay of social cleavages
  • growing economy
  • convergence of party policies
  • disillusionment with party politics
  • TV dominant medium

7. What did John Adams say the House needed to be?

  • 'a portrait of the people at large in minature'
  • 'a reflection of the American people'

8. What does Swers say about women in Congress?

  • 'presence is only the first step'
  • 'impact requires more than presence'

9. How much money does a candidate need to successfully run for Congress?

  • half a million dollars
  • quarter of a million dollars

10. Which authors argue that descriptive representation is needed to bring issues to a certain group to the agenda?

  • Swers (women) and Tate (blacks)
  • Burke (southerners) and Barber (northerners)

11. What is the likelihood of a churchgoer voting Republican?

  • 2 to 1
  • 3 to 1

12. What are Pitkin's three types of representation?

  • Descriptive, Substantive and Symbolic
  • Personal, Legal and Moral