Religion and Society - Keywords

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Bible
The holy book of Christians.
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Church
The community of Christians.
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Conscience
An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action.
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The Decalogue
The Ten Commandments.
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Democratic Processes
The ways in which all citizens can take part in government (usually through elections).
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Electoral Processes
The ways in which voting is organised.
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The Golden Rule
The teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you.
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Human Rights
The rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled.
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Political Party
A group which tries to be elected into power on the basis of its policies (e.g. Labour, Conservative).
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Preassure Group
A group formed to influencegovernment policy on a particular issue.
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Situation Ethics
The idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do.
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Social Change
The way in which society has changed and is changing (and also the possibilities for future change).
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Artificial Insemination
Injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means.
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Conservation
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment.
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Creation
The act of creating the universe or the universe which has been created.
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Embryo
A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception.
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Environment
The surroundings in which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live.
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Global Warming
The increase in the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere (thought to be caused by the greenhouse effect).
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Infertility
Not being able to have children.
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In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
The method of fertilising a human egg in a test tube.
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Natural Resources
Naturally occuring materials, such as oil and fertile land, which can be used by humans.
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Organ Donations
Giving organs to be used in transplant surgery.
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Stewardship
Looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation.
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Surrogacy
An arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman or where an egg is donated and fertilised by the husband through IVF and then implanted into the wife's uterus.
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Aggression
Attacking without being provoked.
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Bullying
Intimidating/ frightening people weaker than yourself.
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Conflict Resolution
Bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion.
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Exploitation
Taking advantage of a weaker group.
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Forgiveness
Stopping blaming someone and/ or pardoning them for what they have done wrong.
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Just War
A war which is faught for the right reasons and in a right way.
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Pacifism
The belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.
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Reconciliation
Bringing together people who were opposed to each other.
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Respect
Treating a person or their feelings with considerations.
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The United Nations
An international body set up to promote world peace and cooperation.
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Weapons of Mass Destruction
Weapons which can destroy large areas and numbers of people.
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World Peace
The ending of war throughout the whole world (the basic aim of the United Nations).
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Addiction
A recurring compulsion to engage in an activity regardless of its bad effects.
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Caital Punishment
The dealth penalty for a crime or offence.
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Crime
An act against the law.
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Deterrence
The idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off (deter) commiting crimes.
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Judgement
The act of judging people and their actions.
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Justice
Due allocation of reward and punishment / the maintenance of what is right.
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Law
Rules made by Parliment and enforceable by the courts.
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Reform
The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so that they will not commit crime again.
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Rehabilitation
Restore to normal life.
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Responsibility
Being responsible for one's actions.
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Retribution
The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong.
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Sin
An act against the will of God.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The community of Christians.

Back

Church

Card 3

Front

An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The Ten Commandments.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The ways in which all citizens can take part in government (usually through elections).

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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