Relationships

Thibaut and Kelly
Social Exchange Theory. Stages of a relationship - Sampling, bargaining, commitment, institutionalisation
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Rusbult et al (2011)
Investment model of commitment - satisfaction level, comparison with alternatives, investment size
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Rusbult and Martz (1995)
Interviewed domestically abused women and found if investment significant, less likely to leave
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Rusbult et al (1998)
In a questionnaire to student participants in relationships, found that commitment in relationships is positively correlated with satisfaction level
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Lee (1984)
Lee's stage model - dissolution of relationships. Dissatisfaction stage, exposure stage, negotiation stage, resolution attempt stage, termination stage
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Duck (1982)
Phase model - dissolution of relationships. Intrapsychic phase, dyadic phase, social phase, grave-dressing phase
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Duck and Rollie (2006)
Breakdown, Intrapsychic processes, dyadic processes, social processes, grave-dressing, resurrection phase
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Altman and Taylor
Self disclosure (relationships develop through gradual increase in depth of disclosure) - appropriateness, attributions, gender and content of disclosure
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Sproull and Kiesler
Reduced cues theory
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Walther
The hyperpersonal model - online relationships cause greater self-disclosure
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Bargh et al (2002)
'stranger on a train' - never going to see them again
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McKenna and Bargh
advantage of virtual relationships is the absence of gating
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Walther and Tidwell
online, people use other cue to make up for reduced cues.
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Flanagan et al
"parasocial relationships are one-sided, unreciprocated relationships, usually with a celebrity.
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Horton and Wohl
People feel they know the person but have never met them. "Many celebs address viewers directly so the viewer responds as if the person is infront of them
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McCutcheon et al
Men interested in sports, women in entertainment/art. Less education causes more worship
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Giles
Found that younger people were more attracted to media personalities
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Thompson
reported that parasocial relationships satisfy many needs fulfilled by real relationships
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Maltby
Used McCutcheon's Celebrity Attitude Scale in a large survey - entertainment-social, intense-personal, borderline pathalogical
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McCutcheon (2002)
Absorption-addiction model - parasocial relationships fill gaps in own lives and allow them an 'escape from reality'
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Cunningham
Physical attractiveness
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Brigham
Halo effect - the tendency for one outstanding trait to influence an overall impression
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Thiessen et al
looked at personal ads - men typically offer resources and seek attractiveness whereas women seek the resources and offer attractiveness
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Buss
Asked participants to rate 18 characteristics on how important they would be in choosing a mate - males prefer young and attractive, females prefer resource-rich
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Cartwright
Males appear to have a lower arousal threshold than females - some male frog species will mate with anything that vaguely resembles a female frog - more opportunities to pass on genes.
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Ridley
People attracted to those with high reproductive and genetic potential - healthy, fit and powerful
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Brigham
Found that physically attractive people are seen as having desirable personality characterists
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Kerckhoff and Davis
Filter theory - similarity of social demographics, attitudes and complementarity
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Buss (1993)
believes men are fearful or partners being sexually unfaithful, females worry about emotional unfaithfulness (fear of partner spending resources on other females
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Zahavi
handicapped hypothesis - females select handicapped males because it adverses ability to thrive despite handicaps demonstrating superior genetic quality
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Shackelford and Larson
Symmetrical faces rated as more attractive - genetic fitness
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Walster et al
Matching hypothesis - people choose romantic partners who are roughly of similar physical attractiveness to each other - fear rejection
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Investment model of commitment - satisfaction level, comparison with alternatives, investment size

Back

Rusbult et al (2011)

Card 3

Front

Interviewed domestically abused women and found if investment significant, less likely to leave

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

In a questionnaire to student participants in relationships, found that commitment in relationships is positively correlated with satisfaction level

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Lee's stage model - dissolution of relationships. Dissatisfaction stage, exposure stage, negotiation stage, resolution attempt stage, termination stage

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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