Psychology research methods

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SAMPLING
selecting part of a target population for research purposes
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RANDOM
everyone has an equal chance of being picked e.g. names out of a hat
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OPPORTUNITY
when people take part if they are available at the time of the study
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VOLUNTEER
when people volunteer themselves to take part, knowing what the study consists of e.g. newspaper ad
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RELIABLITY
a measure of consistency within a set of scores and over time
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VALIDITY
the degree to which results can be generalised beyond the research setting
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CORRELATIONS
show direction and intensity of relationships
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SELF REPORTS
gain information from the participants themselves
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ETHICS
measures that protect participants from harm and to retain their dignity
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ABSTRACT
a summary of the study covering aims, hypothesis, method, results and conclusions
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LAB STUDY
has an articfical setting
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NATURAL STUDY
no variable controlled, deliberate manipulation of Independent Variable
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FIELD STUDY
independent variable is controlled and extraneous are minimised
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INTER-INTERVIEWER RELIABLITY
two interviewers produce same outcome
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MUNDANE REALISM
task itself is reliable
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FACE VALIDITY
looks as if it is related to the topic
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CONCURRENT VALIDITY
comparing performance on a new questionnaire or test compared to an older one
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SNOWBALL SAMPLING
ask to identify a few people who then identify others
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

everyone has an equal chance of being picked e.g. names out of a hat

Back

RANDOM

Card 3

Front

when people take part if they are available at the time of the study

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

when people volunteer themselves to take part, knowing what the study consists of e.g. newspaper ad

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a measure of consistency within a set of scores and over time

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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