Psychological Treatment of Phobic disorders

Systematic desensitisation and CBT

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1. Limitation of SD

  • Instead of removing symptoms, the symptoms are just substituted for new symptoms which then must be treated also
  • Takes too long to carry out, disorders may need to be immediately treated
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2. Advantage of CBT

  • Is effective immediately
  • Could be considered a holistic treatment as it tackles both irrational thoughts and the behaviour that occurs as a result
  • More effective than SD

3. What is logical disputing?

  • Challenging irrational thoughts based on upon the idea that these thoughts are not useful
  • Challenging irrational thoughts based on logic
  • Irrational thoughts aren't consistent with reality

4. What did Alloy and Abraham find?

  • Those with disorders were accurate in their predictions of the likelihood of an natural disaster
  • 52% success rate using just CBT and 85% success rate of CBT and drug treatment

5. What did Keller find?

  • 52% success rate using just CBT and a 85% success rate in using more drug treatment and CBT
  • There's no evidence of substitution of symptoms
  • 75% of patients responded well to SD


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