Psychological Treatment of Phobic disorders

Systematic desensitisation and CBT

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1. What Ohman et al. state?

  • Those with disorders had accurate predictions of the likelihood of an natural disaster
  • SD cannot treat all phobias as some are caused by evolutionary survival factors based on ancient fears that were used to aid survival in hunter-gatherer times so the phobia is harder to remove considering SD is based upon past experience
  • 75% of patients responded well to SD
  • There's no evidence of substitution of symptoms in SD
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Other questions in this quiz

2. Which study suggested that there was no evidence of substitution of symptoms

  • McGrath et al.
  • Ohman et al.
  • Langevin
  • Capafons et al.

3. What is logical disputing?

  • Challenging irrational thoughts based on upon the idea that these thoughts are not useful
  • Challenging irrational thoughts based on logic
  • Irrational thoughts aren't consistent with reality

4. What did Alloy and Abraham find?

  • Those with disorders were accurate in their predictions of the likelihood of an natural disaster
  • 52% success rate using just CBT and 85% success rate of CBT and drug treatment

5. Limitation of SD

  • Instead of removing symptoms, the symptoms are just substituted for new symptoms which then must be treated also
  • Takes too long to carry out, disorders may need to be immediately treated

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