Psychological Treatment of Phobic disorders

Systematic desensitisation and CBT

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1. An issue of CBT

  • Unable to treat phobias based on evolutionary survival factors
  • Involves lots of cognitive processes on the part of the patient this may be inappropriate for those with severe learning difficulties or severe phobic disorders, unlike SD which may be more appropriate reducing CBT's population validity
  • SD is more effective in treating phobias
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2. Advantage of CBT

  • Is effective immediately
  • Could be considered a holistic treatment as it tackles both irrational thoughts and the behaviour that occurs as a result
  • More effective than SD

3. What is logical disputing?

  • Challenging irrational thoughts based on upon the idea that these thoughts are not useful
  • Challenging irrational thoughts based on logic
  • Irrational thoughts aren't consistent with reality

4. Which study found that when aerophobics went through 12 weeks of SD, they all experienced less somatic and psychological effects to a flight stimulation apart from 2 participants?

  • Ohman et al.
  • Capafons et al.
  • McGrath et al.
  • Langevin

5. What is empirical disputing?

  • Challenging irrational thoughts based upon the idea that they are not useful
  • Irrational thoughts aren't consistent with reality
  • Irrational thoughts based on logic

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