Principles that define the BLoA

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Which principle is demonstrated in the experiment on the role of the stress hormone cortisol on verbal declarative memory?
There are biological correlates of behaviour
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Who conducted the study looking at the role of cortisol on verbal declarative memory?
Newcomer et al (1999)
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What does the word 'placebo' mean?
A harmless pill etc. which has no effect on the person but is used as a control in research
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What did the results of the study investigating the effects of cortisol on verbal declarative memory show?
An increase in cortisol has a negative effect on memory
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Explain how animal research can provide insight into human behaviour
It is assumed most biological processes are the same in humans as they are in animals.
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What was the aim of the study used to demonstrate the principle that animal research can provide insight into human behaviour
To investigate the role of the environment on brain plasticity
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Explain the study used to demonstrate the principle that animal research can provide insight into human behaviour
Group 1 - rats in enriched environment. Group 2 - rats in deprived environment. Killed after 30-60 days. Rats in enriched environment had thicker layer of neurons in the cortex. Shows that the brain grows more neurons if stimulated
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What does 'MZ twins' mean?
Monozygotic - identical
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Twin research never shows 100% concordance rate. What does this suggest?
Environment must play a role in human development
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What was the Minnesota Twin Study investigating?
The role of genes in IQ
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What were the findings of the Minnesota Twin Study?
MZT - concordance of 86%, MZA - concordance of 76%
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Explain the meaning of 'case study'
A study carried out on an individual or very small group
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Explain the meaning of a 'longitudinal study'
A study carried out over a long period of time
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Explain the meaning of 'genetic predisposition'?
An inherited risk of developing an illness or disease
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Why do researchers often study twins?
They can compare one twin with another and check concordance rates
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What does 'concordance rate' mean in relation to twin studies?
The extent to which twins are similar
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Card 2

Front

Newcomer et al (1999)

Back

Who conducted the study looking at the role of cortisol on verbal declarative memory?

Card 3

Front

A harmless pill etc. which has no effect on the person but is used as a control in research

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An increase in cortisol has a negative effect on memory

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

It is assumed most biological processes are the same in humans as they are in animals.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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